Fernando Althabe

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1 Rotman Institute of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, 2 Department of Medicine, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, 3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, 4 Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario,(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined pregnant women's use of cigarettes and other tobacco products and the exposure of pregnant women and their young children to secondhand smoke (SHS) in 9 nations in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. METHODS Face-to-face surveys were administered to 7961 pregnant women (more than 700 per site) between October 2004 and September 2005.(More)
Pregnancy and childbirth represent a critical time period when a woman can be reached through a variety of mechanisms with interventions aimed at reducing her risk of a preterm birth and improving her health and the health of her unborn baby. These mechanisms include the range of services delivered during antenatal care for all pregnant women and women at(More)
BACKGROUND Cesarean section rates show a wide variation among countries in the world, ranging from 0.4 to 40 percent, and a continuous rise in the trend has been observed in the past 30 years. Our aim was to explore the association of cesarean section rates of different countries with their maternal and neonatal mortality and to test the hypothesis that in(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the incidences of caesarean sections in Latin American countries and correlate these with socioeconomic, demographic, and healthcare variables. DESIGN Descriptive and ecological study. SETTING 19 Latin American countries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES National estimates of caesarean section rates in each country. RESULTS Seven(More)
In this systematic review of the existing evidence regarding the relationship between cigarette smoking during pregnancy and preeclampsia, studies were found through searches of MEDLINE (1966-October 31, 1998), Embase, Popline, CINAHL, Lilacs, bibliographies of identified studies, and proceedings of meetings on preeclampsia, and also through contact with(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to determine stillbirth rates in a multisite population-based study in community settings in the developing world. STUDY DESIGN Outcomes of all community deliveries in 5 resource-poor countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, India, Zambia, and Pakistan) and in 1 mid-level country (Argentina) were evaluated prospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Implementation of evidence-based obstetrical practices remains a significant challenge. Effective strategies to disseminate and implement such practices are needed. METHODS We randomly assigned 19 hospitals in Argentina and Uruguay to receive a multifaceted behavioral intervention (including selection of opinion leaders, interactive workshops,(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe the unequal distribution in the performance of cesarean section delivery (CS) in the world and the resource-use implications of such inequity. STUDY DESIGN We obtained data on the number of CSs performed in 137 countries in 2008. The consensus is that countries should achieve a 10% rate of CS; therefore,(More)