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The open reading frame EP153R, located within the EcoRI E' fragment of the African swine fever (ASF) virus genome, is predicted to encode a membrane protein of 153 amino acids that presents significant homology to the N-terminal region of several CD44 molecules. EP153R contains multiple putative sites for N-glycosylation, phosphorylation, and(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is more atherogenic than native LDL. The initial step in the oxidation is the peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Thus, decreasing the concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids should reduce the susceptibility of LDL to oxidation. Therefore, we tested the possibility that diets enriched in oleate might(More)
Plasmid vectors designed to facilitate the genetic manipulation of African swine fever virus (ASFV) are described. Our results demonstrate that the beta-glucuronidase enzyme (GUS) can be used to follow gene expression in ASFV-infected cells. Infectious plaques formed by ASFV expressing GUS are visually detectable, thus providing a simple and highly(More)
We have identified an open reading frame, EP402R, within the EcoRI E' fragment of the African swine fever virus genome that encodes a polypeptide of 402 amino acid residues homologous to the adhesion receptor of T cells, CD2. Transcription of EP402R takes place during the late phase of virus replication. The disruption of EP402R, achieved through the(More)
The transcriptional characterization of the gene coding for the p12 attachment protein of the African swine fever virus is presented. The results obtained have been used to generate the first detailed transcriptional map of an African swine fever virus late gene. Novel experimental evidence indicating the existence of major differences between the(More)
The construction of cDNA clones encoding large-size RNA molecules of biological interest, like coronavirus genomes, which are among the largest mature RNA molecules known to biology, has been hampered by the instability of those cDNAs in bacteria. Herein, we show that the application of two strategies, cloning of the cDNAs into a bacterial artificial(More)
The engineering of a full-length infectious cDNA clone and a functional replicon of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) Urbani strain as bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) is described in this study. In this system, the viral RNA was expressed in the cell nucleus under the control of the cytomegalovirus promoter and further(More)
Restriction endonuclease maps of the variable DNA regions of African swine fever virus field isolates from the Iberian peninsula showed that the changes in length are located in the terminal-inverted repetitions and in unique sequences close to the DNA ends. Analysis of nine clones derived from the spleen of an infected pig revealed the existence of(More)
A transcriptional analysis of the 3.2-kb region of the African swine fever virus genome containing the five members of the multigene family 110 is presented. The mRNAs corresponding to the genes studied have short leader sequences with no intervening AUG codons before the translational start site, and their 3' ends map within a conserved sequence motif(More)
A group of cross-hybridizing DNA segments contained within the EcoRI restriction fragments U', X and J of a Vero cell-adapted strain (BA71V) of African swine fever virus (ASFV) were mapped and sequenced. Analysis of the nucleotide sequence revealed the presence of a set of long internal repeated sequences composed of five types of tandemly repeat units of(More)