Fernando Alfonso

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Authors/Task Force members: Stephan Windecker* (ESC Chairperson) (Switzerland), Philippe Kolh* (EACTS Chairperson) (Belgium), Fernando Alfonso (Spain), Jean-Philippe Collet (France), Jochen Cremer (Germany), Volkmar Falk (Switzerland), Gerasimos Filippatos (Greece), Christian Hamm (Germany), Stuart J. Head (The Netherlands), Peter Jüni (Switzerland), A.(More)
Antiplatelet therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for patients with acute coronary syndromes and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. Clopidogrel, in combination with aspirin, is currently the antiplatelet treatment of choice for prevention of stent thrombosis, and clinical trials have shown that, in high-risk patients, prolonged dual(More)
Aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal event resulting in separation of the layers of the tunica media by ingress of blood, producing a false lumen with variable proximal and distal extension. Ascending aortic dissection is the most common catastrophe of the aorta; it is 2–3 times more common than rupture of the abdominal aorta. Mortality of(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared the risk of stent thrombosis (ST) after drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare-metal stents (BMS), and tested the hypothesis that the risk of DES thrombosis is related to stent length. BACKGROUND Whether DES increase the risk of ST remains unclear. Given the very low restenosis rate after drug-eluting stenting, longer stents are(More)
BACKGROUND Everolimus-eluting stent (EES) reduces the risk of restenosis in elective percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the use of drug-eluting stent in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is still controversial. Data regarding the performance of second-generation EES in this setting are scarce. We report the 1-year(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine the prognostic implications of high platelet reactivity (HPR) assessed in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients while in their steady-state phase of dual antiplatelet therapy. BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients have increased platelet reactivity compared with nondiabetic patients. Whether HPR assessed(More)
To assess platelet function profiles in diabetic and nondiabetic patients on aspirin and clopidogrel therapy, two patient populations were included to investigate the 1) acute effects of a 300-mg clopidogrel loading dose (group 1, n = 52) and 2) long-term effects of clopidogrel (group 2, n = 120) on platelet function in diabetic compared with nondiabetic(More)
OBJECTIVES The study sought to assess the diagnostic efficiency of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in identifying hemodynamically severe coronary stenoses as determined by fractional flow reserve (FFR). Concomitant OCT and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) area measurements were performed in a subgroup of patients to compare the diagnostic efficiency of(More)
Management of patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains an important clinical problem. Although drug-eluting stents (DES) have drastically reduced the incidence of ISR, treatment of DES-ISR is particularly challenging. ISR mainly results from aggressive neointimal proliferation, but recent data also suggest that neoatherosclerosis may play an(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of the acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) enzyme may prevent excess accumulation of cholesteryl esters in macrophages. The ACAT inhibitor avasimibe was shown to reduce experimental atherosclerosis. This study was designed to investigate the effects of avasimibe on human coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)