Learn More
BACKGROUND Dengue virus pathogenesis is not yet fully understood and the identification of patients at high risk for developing severe disease forms is still a great challenge in dengue patient care. During the present study, we evaluated prospectively the potential of cytokines present in plasma from patients with dengue in stratifying disease severity. (More)
The innate immune system provides a first line of defense against invading pathogens by releasing multiple inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, which directly combat the infectious agent and recruit additional immune responses. This exuberant cytokine release paradoxically injures the host by triggering leakage(More)
Low-grade polymicrobial infection induced by cecal ligation and puncture is lethal in heme oxygenase-1-deficient mice (Hmox1(-/-)), but not in wild-type (Hmox1(+/+)) mice. Here we demonstrate that the protective effect of this heme-catabolizing enzyme relies on its ability to prevent tissue damage caused by the circulating free heme released from hemoglobin(More)
To compare the pattern of lung uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in patients with lung contusion that developed or did not progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Prospective, observational study. Trauma Center (academic urban hospital). Eight patients with blunt thoracic trauma and(More)
INTRODUCTION The current shortage of accurate and readily available, validated biomarkers of disease severity in sepsis is an important limitation when attempting to stratify patients into homogeneous groups, in order to study pathogenesis or develop therapeutic interventions. The aim of the present study was to determine the cytokine profile in plasma of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients with cancer admitted to several intensive care units. Knowledge on patients with cancer requiring intensive care is mostly restricted to single-center studies. DESIGN : Prospective, multicenter, cohort study. SETTING Intensive care units from 28 hospitals in Brazil. PATIENTS A total of(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial dysfunctions have been associated with the pathogenesis of sepsis. A systematic survey of mitochondrial function in brain tissues during sepsis is lacking. In the present work, we investigate brain mitochondrial function in a septic mouse model. DESIGN Prospective animal study. SETTING University research laboratory. SUBJECTS(More)
Neurological impairments are frequently detected in children surviving cerebral malaria (CM), the most severe neurological complication of infection with Plasmodium falciparum. The pathophysiology and therapy of long lasting cognitive deficits in malaria patients after treatment of the parasitic disease is a critical area of investigation. In the present(More)
Dengue fever is an emerging viral disease transmitted by arthropods to humans in tropical countries. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is escalating in frequency and mortality rates. Here we studied the involvement of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in dengue virus (DENV) infection and its pathogenesis. Patients with DHF had elevated plasma(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the elastic properties of the respiratory system during pneumoperitoneum (PnP) remains a controversial subject. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of NMB and PEEP on respiratory mechanics. METHODS We performed a dynamic(More)