Fernando A. Borges

Learn More
INTRODUCTION First antiretroviral therapy (ART) is often switched to simpler, more potent or better tolerated regimens (1, 2). Although discontinuation rates are frequently studied, the durability of regimens is rarely approached. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective study with the following objectives: analyze first ART schemes and their durability in(More)
The performance of grazing cattle in tropical areas is deeply influenced by parasitism, and the increasing reports of resistance are a threat to effective nematode control. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of avermectins on the performance of weaned calves naturally infected by ivermectin-resistant gastrointestinal nematodes. The effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have shown that baseline drug resistance patterns may influence the outcome of antiretroviral therapy. Therefore, guidelines recommend drug resistance testing to guide the choice of initial regimen. In addition to optimizing individual patient management, these baseline resistance data enable transmitted drug resistance (TDR) to(More)
INTRODUCTION Late HIV diagnosis is common and associated with an increased risk of clinical progression, blunted immune response on antiretroviral (ARV) therapy and higher risk of drug toxicity. Across Europe, more than a third of patients are diagnosed late and consequently delay medical care. European Consensus definition group identify as late(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite a decreasing mortality and morbidity in treated HIV-1 patients, highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) can still fail due to the development of drug resistance. Especially, multidrug-resistant viruses pose a threat to efficient therapy. We studied the changing prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) over time in a cohort of(More)
INTRODUCTION Cirrhosis secondary to HCV infection is expected to peak in the next decade, particularly in the HIV co-infected subgroup and has become a leading cause of morbidity among these individuals. Efforts must be done to estimate the risk of liver decompensation (LD) in the short term, in order to define the appropriate time for HCV treatment. (More)
INTRODUCTION The decision to start hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment and its timing remains controversial. As new treatment regimens are approved, it is essential to identify patients eligible for each regimen in a timed and tailored approach. This study aims to identify the reasons to defer treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection in both HCV and HCV/HIV(More)
Enterococci are one of the usual residents of the microflora in humans. In the last decade this genus has been reported as the third most common cause of bacteremia. We present the case of a 78-year-old female who was admitted to the emergency room because of nausea, lipothymia, and weakness. She was diagnosed with a pyelonephritis with bacteremia, with the(More)
INTRODUCTION Hepatitis C constitutes a major public health burden. In Portugal, the prevalence is estimated at 1-1.5% (1). Of these, only 30% are presumed to be diagnosed, which reveals that most infections go unknown. The objective of this study is to identify the age-range distribution at HCV diagnosis and to identify the high-prevalence birth groups that(More)