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High-affinity Ca(2+)-activated ATPases that do not show any demonstrable dependence on Mg2+ have been reported in the plasma membranes of different trypanosomatids, and it has been suggested [McLaughlin (1985) Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 15, 189-201; Ghosh, Ray, Sarkar & Bhaduri (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 11345-11351] that these enzymes may have a role in Ca2+(More)
Besides having a pivotal biological function as a component of coenzymes, riboflavin appears a promissing antitumoral agent, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this work, we demonstrate that irradiated riboflavin, when applied at μM concentrations, induces an orderly sequence of signaling events finally leading to leukemia cell(More)
As an intracellular parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi is exposed to reactive oxygen species. The study of the proteins involved in the hydroperoxide detoxification cascade, tryparedoxin peroxidase included, may lead to the development of a more specific chemotherapy for Chagas'disease. In this work, the involvement of TcCPX in T. cruzi resistance to(More)
Phosphorylation of parasite proteins plays a key role in the process of cell invasion by Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas' disease. In this sense, characterization of parasite kinases and phosphatases could open new possibilities for the rational design of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of Chagas' disease. In this work, we(More)
Incubation of T. cruzi epimastigotes with the lectin Cramoll 1,4 in Ca(2+) containing medium led to agglutination and inhibition of cell proliferation. The lectin (50 microg/ml) induced plasma membrane permeabilization followed by Ca(2+) influx and mitochondrial Ca(2+) accumulation, a result that resembles the classical effect of digitonin. Cramoll 1,4(More)
The drugs currently available for Chagas'disease treatment are unsatisfactory due to limited efficacy and toxic side effects, making the search for more specific pharmacological agents a priority. The components of the Trypanosoma cruzi trypanothione-dependent antioxidant system have been pointed out as potential chemotherapeutic targets for the development(More)
Digitonin can be used to permeabilize selectively the plasma membrane of Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes without significantly affecting the functional integrity of mitochondria. Addition of digitonin at concentrations close to 64 microM caused decrease in the rate of basal respiration of epimastigotes similar to that caused by oligomycin. A further(More)
Peroxynitrite anion, the reaction product of superoxide and nitric oxide, is a potent biological oxidant, which inactivates mammalian heart mitochondrial NADH-coenzyme Q reductase (complex I), succinate dehydrogenase (complex II), and ATPase, without affecting cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV). In this paper, we evaluated the effect of peroxynitrite on(More)
Trypanosomatids of the genus Herpetomonas comprises monoxenic parasites of insects that present pro- and opisthomastigotes forms in their life cycles. In this study, we investigated the Ca(2+) transport and the mitochondrial bioenergetic of digitonin-permeabilized Herpetomonas sp. promastigotes. The response of promastigotes mitochondrial membrane potential(More)
The epimastigote stage of Trypanosoma cruzi undergoes PCD (programmed cell death) when exposed to FHS (fresh human serum). Although it has been known for over 30 years that complement is responsible for FHS-induced death, the link between complement activation and triggering of PCD has not been established. We have previously shown that the mitochondrion(More)