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Concerted changes in flower morphology and pollinators provide strong evidence on adaptive evolution. Schizanthus (Solanaceae) has zygomorphic flowers and consists of 12 species of annual or biennial herbs that are distributed mainly in Chile and characterized by bee-, hummingbird-, and moth-pollination syndromes. To infer whether flowers diversified in(More)
Climate change and fragmentation are major threats to world forests. Understanding how functional traits related to drought tolerance change across small-scale, pronounced moisture gradients in fragmented forests is important to predict species' responses to these threats. In the case of Aextoxicon punctatum, a dominant canopy tree in fog-dependent rain(More)
HSCT provides the opportunity to replace a damaged tissue. It is the most important treatment for high risk hematologic malignant and non malignant disorders. An important challenge in the identification of matched donors/patients is the HLA diversity. The Mexican Bone Marrow Registry (DONORMO) has nowadays > 5000 donors. The prevalent alleles are(More)
The co-occurrence of elaborate flowers visited by specific groups of pollinators and capacity for autonomous selfing in the same plant species has puzzled evolutionary biologists since the time of Charles Darwin. To examine whether autonomous selfing and floral specialization evolved in association, we quantified the autofertility level (AFI) in nine(More)
PREMISE OF THE STUDY Seven microsatellite loci were developed for the two closely related high Andean species Schizanthus hookeri and S. grahamii. These species are annual to biannual herbs with zygomorphic and showy flowers that differ in floral morphology, autonomous selfing capacity, and in the identities of major flower visitors. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The aim of this work was to dynamically study pressure variations exerted by elastic compression stockings during walking. While study participants walked, the pressure variations at the interface between elastic stockings and the skin were measured dynamically. Three healthy individuals wearing 10/20 and 20/30 elastic compression stockings manufactured by(More)
The study of functional traits and physiological mechanisms determining species’ drought tolerance is important for the prediction of their responses to climatic change. Fog-dependent forest patches in semiarid regions are a good study system with which to gain an understanding of species’ responses to increasing aridity and patch fragmentation. Here we(More)
Myrceugenia rufa is an endangered shrub endemic to the coast range of central Chile, which has suffered strong degradation during recent decades. We developed nine microsatellite markers for this species and tested them on M. correifolia, M. lanceolata, and M. exsucca. Six loci amplified and were polymorphic in all species; the remaining loci were(More)
Floral integration may result from the combined effects of pollinator-mediated selection, genetic correlations and abiotic factors. Thus, by sampling a set of populations in the field and examining their variation of floral correlations in relation to pollinators and abiotic factors, we intended to shed light on the ecological factors underlying the(More)
In this study I have examined the patterns of morphological and genetic differentiation between two species of the Andean genus Schizanthus that differ in their pollination and mating systems. Schizanthus hookeri has a bee pollination syndrome and is strongly dependent on pollinators for seed set. In contrast, S. grahamii has a hummingbird pollination(More)