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The protein malnutrition is a worldwide problem, affecting mainly newborns and children of developing countries. This deficiency reaches the brain in the most critical period of the development. Various consequences are related to this insult, such as memory disturbance, learning, and behavioral impairment. Protein content of the diet plays an important(More)
Iron accumulation in the brain has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. It is known that iron catalyses the formation of highly reactive hydroxyl radicals. Recent studies have implicated oxidative damage in memory deficits in rats and humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term effects of iron(More)
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves physical capacity and health quality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the effect of exercise on oxidative stress markers in COPD patients is only partially known. This study was designed to evaluate the oxidative stress response to long-term exercise in patients with COPD enrolled(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed parameters of free radical damage to biomolecules, mitochondrial superoxide production, superoxide dismutase, and catalase activities and their relationship to sepsis mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective animal study in a university laboratory for experimental. SUBJECTS 140 male Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS The animals(More)
Mobile telephones and their base stations are an important source of ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields (UHF-EMFs; 800-1800 MHz) and their utilization is increasing all over the world. Epidemiological studies have suggested that low energy UHF-EMFs may have biological effects, such as changes in oxidative metabolism after exposure. Therefore, we(More)
The role of oxidative stress in electroconvulsive therapy-related effects is not well studied. The purpose of this study was to determine oxidative stress parameters in several brain structures after a single electroconvulsive seizure or multiple electroconvulsive seizures. Rats were given either a single electroconvulsive shock or a series of eight(More)
In this study we compared the antioxidant properties of five different extracts of different composition obtained from Achyrocline satureioides' inflorescences (Compositae), a widely used Brazilian folk medicinal herb. All of the extracts presented significant antioxidant potential identified by TRAP assay, which increased in the presence of human plasma.(More)
Malnutrition affects a large number of children worldwide. Inadequate nutrition during pre- and postnatal period may alter brain development resulting in biochemical, physiological and anatomical changes which in turn could cause behavioral abnormalities. The impairment of the central nervous system following protein deficit have been extensively studied(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that some of the neurobiological and neurotoxic actions of apomorphine and other dopamine receptor agonists might be mediated by their oxidation derivatives. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of apomorphine and its oxidation derivative, 8-oxo-apomorphine-semiquinone (8-OASQ), on oxidative stress parameters(More)
Although several advances has occurred over the past 20 years concerning the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), little progress has been made in the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic or adverse effects. Thus, this work was performed in order to determine the level of oxidative damage and antioxidant enzyme activities early and late after acute and(More)