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Vitamin A (VA) and iron deficiencies are important nutritional problems, affecting particularly preschool children, as well as pregnant and lactating women. A PubMed (National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA) literature review was carried out to search for clinical trials published from 1992 to 2013 that assessed the… (More)
Iron deficiency seems to deteriorate vitamin A metabolism leading to a reduction in serum retinol and an increase in hepatic retinol and retinyl ester. These alterations probably result from an increase in retinol sequestration to the liver and/or impairment in the activity of hepatic retinyl ester hydrolases decreasing vitamin A mobilization.