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Under normal and pathological conditions, brain cells release nucleotides that regulate a wide range of cellular responses due to activation of P2 nucleotide receptors. In this study, the effect of extracellular nucleotides on IFN gamma-induced NO release in murine BV-2 microglial cells was investigated. BV-2 cells expressed mRNA for metabotropic P2Y and(More)
BACKGROUND Hnf4alpha, an epithelial specific transcriptional regulator, is decreased in inflammatory bowel disease and protects against chemically-induced colitis in mice. However, the precise role of this factor in maintaining normal inflammatory homeostasis of the intestine remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sole role of epithelial(More)
Inflammatory stresses associated with inflammatory bowel diseases up-regulate P2Y(2) mRNA receptor expression in the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2, the noncancerous IEC-6 cells and in colonic tissues of patient suffering from Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. However, the transcriptional events regulating P2Y(2) receptor (P2Y(2)R)(More)
Epithelial cells participate in the immune response of the intestinal mucosa. Extracellular nucleotides have been recognized as inflammatory molecules. We investigated the role of extracellular nucleotides and their associated P2Y receptors in the secretion of cytokines by epithelial cells. The effect of intestinal inflammation on P2Y(6) receptor expression(More)
Astrocytes are involved in normal and pathological brain functions, where they become activated and undergo reactive gliosis. Astrocytes have been shown to respond to extracellular nucleotides via the activation of P2 receptors, either G protein-coupled P2Y receptors or P2X receptors that are ligand-gated ion channels. In this study, we have examined the(More)
CDX2, a member of the caudal family of transcription factors, is involved in enterocyte lineage specification. CDX2 activates many intestine-specific genes, such as sucrase-isomaltase and lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), and adhesion proteins, namely, LI-cadherin and claudin-2. In this study, we show that the proprotein convertase furin, involved in(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4α (Hnf4α) is a transcription factor that controls epithelial cell polarity and morphogenesis. Hnf4α conditional deletion during postnatal development has minor effects on intestinal epithelium integrity but promotes activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway without causing tumorigenesis. Here, we show that Hnf4α does not act as a(More)
The gastrointestinal tract is a passageway for dietary nutrients, microorganisms and xenobiotics. The gut is home to diverse bacterial communities forming the microbiota. While bacteria and their metabolites maintain gut homeostasis, the host uses innate and adaptive immune mechanisms to cope with the microbiota and luminal environment. In recent years,(More)
Histone deacetylases (Hdac) remove acetyl groups from proteins, influencing global and specific gene expression. Hdacs control inflammation, as shown by Hdac inhibitor-dependent protection from dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced murine colitis. Although tissue-specific Hdac knockouts show redundant and specific functions, little is known of their(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) is a nuclear transcription factor mainly expressed in the liver, intestine, kidney, and pancreas. Many of its hepatic and pancreatic functions have been described, but limited information is available on its role in the gastrointestinal tract. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and(More)