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This study examines the effect of the substitution of 6 g/day of fish oil in a saturated diet on glucose and fructose metabolism in healthy humans. Five subjects were submitted to two 3-wk controlled-diet periods (polyunsaturated/saturated = 0.21). During one period, 6 g/day of fat used for dressing were replaced by 6 g/day of fish oil [1.1 g/day of 20:5(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the substitution of fish oil for visible fats in a control diet (52% carbohydrates, 16% protein, 32% fat; P:S 0.2) influences body fat mass and substrate oxidation in healthy adults. DESIGN Six volunteers (5 men; 23 +/- 2 y; BMI: 21.9 +/- 1.6) were fed a control diet (C) ad libitum during a period of three weeks and, 10-12(More)
The authors report a case of Steinert's disease in a woman and discuss the endocrine profile of this disease after giving an account of the criteria of diagnosis. Disorders of gonad function are mild in women, primary testicular atrophy is very frequent in man with reduction in 17-ketosteroids and testosterone. Thyroid function was normal but, in a few(More)
The authors analyse 115 cases of acute fatty liver of pregnancy, proven histologically. Characteristics of the condition is the finding of central nuclei in the hepatocytes containing microvesicular droplets. The disease occurs more frequently in primiparous women (54 per cent) and usually occurs in the third trimester of the pregnancy. A pre-icteric phase(More)
The relationships between essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of colostrum, mature milk, and white adipose tissue (WAT) were examined on days 5 and 30 postpartum in 24 healthy French mothers. Fatty acid composition was assessed by capillary gas chromatography. In WAT, the proportion of individual polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) did not change during(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate (1) the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in elderly patients; (2) the changes in nutritional status during the hospital stay; and (3) (main objective) the relationship between simple nutritional parameters and short-term in-hospital mortality. DESIGN Prospective time series at admission and on the 15th day of(More)
The relationships between essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of colostrum and white adipose tissue (WAT) were examined on day 5 after delivery in 69 healthy women. Fatty acid composition was assessed by capillary gas chromatography, and 33 fatty acids were detected in colostrum and in WAT. Total polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content was similar in(More)
We compared anthropometric indices in samples of elderly people aged 65 years and over living in two French areas. The samples were divided into four age-groups (65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and over 80 years). We observed interregional differences in women aged 65-69 years and in men aged 65-74 years. Weight and anthropometric variables related to body fat(More)
In order to assess the relationship between increase of gamma-glutamyl transferase and diabetes, we measured serum gamma-glutamyl transferase in 48 male and 43 female insulin-dependent diabetics aged 20-60 years, 49 male and 41 female non insulin dependent diabetics aged 30-60 years, and in 114 male and 124 female controls (blood donors) aged 20-60 years.(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the mechanisms and metabolic consequences of the insulin resistance of patients treated by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN CAPD patients and healthy subjects ingested a similar mean oral glucose load per kilogram of fat-free mass (FFM) [1.20+/-0.03 g/(kg FFM) vs 1.20+/-0.06 g/(kg FFM); CAPD vs healthy(More)