Fernand Lamisse

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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the substitution of fish oil for visible fats in a control diet (52% carbohydrates, 16% protein, 32% fat; P:S 0.2) influences body fat mass and substrate oxidation in healthy adults. DESIGN Six volunteers (5 men; 23 +/- 2 y; BMI: 21.9 +/- 1.6) were fed a control diet (C) ad libitum during a period of three weeks and, 10-12(More)
Among monosaccharides, fructose has a small hyperglycaemic effect. In order to better explain the mechanisms which cause this metabolic property, we used tracers labelled with stable isotopes (deuterated glucose and naturally 13C labelled fructose) to quantify the overall glucose appearance, the rate of appearance in plasma of the 13C glucose synthesized(More)
This study examines the effect of the substitution of 6 g/day of fish oil in a saturated diet on glucose and fructose metabolism in healthy humans. Five subjects were submitted to two 3-wk controlled-diet periods (polyunsaturated/saturated = 0.21). During one period, 6 g/day of fat used for dressing were replaced by 6 g/day of fish oil [1.1 g/day of 20:5(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate (1) the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in elderly patients; (2) the changes in nutritional status during the hospital stay; and (3) (main objective) the relationship between simple nutritional parameters and short-term in-hospital mortality. DESIGN Prospective time series at admission and on the 15th day of(More)
The relationships between essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of colostrum, mature milk, and white adipose tissue (WAT) were examined on days 5 and 30 postpartum in 24 healthy French mothers. Fatty acid composition was assessed by capillary gas chromatography. In WAT, the proportion of individual polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) did not change during(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-energy malnutrition is frequent in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. The use of amino acids in the dialysate could improve the protein balance, especially if associated to a concomitant energy intake. METHODS A 1.1% amino acid solution for peritoneal dialysis was administered to CAPD patients over 30 minutes(More)
Pachymeningitis is an inflammatory process that thickens the dura mater. This disease has various etiologies including infectious, neoplastic, or autoimmune diseases. We present the case of a patient who developed cranial pachymeningitis with a clinical and biological picture suggestive of a neurological form of vasculitis. A 51-year-old woman developed(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of an experimental increase in plasma FFA concentration on fructose to glucose conversion, total hepatic glucose output and glycaemic response to oral fructose. SUBJECTS Six healthy subjects (three men, three women; age: 24.3 +/- 2.3 years; BMI: 21.6 +/- 0.8 kg/m2). DESIGN Each subject absorbed 0.5 g/kg of 13C-enriched(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the mechanisms and metabolic consequences of the insulin resistance of patients treated by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). DESIGN CAPD patients and healthy subjects ingested a similar mean oral glucose load per kilogram of fat-free mass (FFM) [1.20+/-0.03 g/(kg FFM) vs 1.20+/-0.06 g/(kg FFM); CAPD vs healthy(More)