Fern K. Willits

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Data from 442 children, aged 2 to 5, who were participants in the 1987-1988 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey, were examined to determine the effect of maternal employment on the quality of their diets. Diet quality was assessed by examining nutrient adequacy and nutrient overconsumption using the 3-day average of one 24-hour recall and 2 days of written(More)
The relationships of previous college attendance to changes in attitudes later in life were assessed by focusing on the responses of middle-aged men and women to two surveys--one when they were approximately forty years of age, and a second thirteen years later. For both men and women, prior college attendance was associated with acceptance of less(More)
The empirical linkage between self-rating of health and feelings of well-being in regard to overall life satisfaction, community satisfaction, job satisfaction, and marital satisfaction were assessed using data from a mail survey of 1,650 men and women who were 50 to 55 years of age. Health rating was a significant correlate of all four of the satisfaction(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assesses the impact of number and quality of family ties on the health and well-being of elderly people. METHOD Measures of the quantity and quality of family ties, adjusting for gender, education, and income, were correlated with the self-rating of health and well-being of a sample of 534 married parents between 68 and 73 years of(More)
Changes in individual attitudes toward traditional morality are charted by focusing on a sample of 1950 persons from rural Pennsylvania surveyed as high school sophomores in 1947 and again 24 years later when they were in their early 40s. A series of 12 Likert-type items were used to assess traditionalism. In general, the subjects' attitudes changes toward(More)
The opinion survey, a mainstay of political, sociological , and marketing researchers, has long used rating scales as a means for obtaining subjects' views about Respondents are asked to indicate their feelings or perceptions on a scale between two opposing descriptors The scale is often presented as a horizontal line, with equally spaced markers between(More)
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