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Both hereditary and acquired factors increase the risk of venous thromboembolism, thus the clinical management of affected patients involves evaluation of genetic factors that predispose to hypercoagulability. Factor V Leiden (R507Q) and factor II (prothrombin) mutation (G20210A) are the two most common inherited hypercoagulability disorders among(More)
Autoimmune metaplastic atrophic gastritis (AMAG) is a significant risk factor for pernicious anemia and gastric neoplasia. Still, the histologic features of AMAG are frequently overlooked, especially in the early stages of the disease. The purpose of our study, therefore, was to catalogue the progression of histologic changes that precede the development of(More)
Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) usually causes a life-long persistent infection of the B lymphocytes in 90 % of adults [1, 2]. EBV is oncogenic in the development of Burkitt lymphoma, immunosuppression-related lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Recently, EBV-associated gastric carcinomas were found to have a prevalence of 8.7 % and they(More)
BACKGROUND In the developing world, the principal cause of death among HIV-infected patients is tuberculosis (TB). The initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during TB therapy significantly improves survival, however it is not known which barriers prevent eligible TB patients from initiating life-saving ART. METHOD Setting. A South African township(More)
Tumor-specific chromosomal rearrangements often produce potent fusion oncogenes, which induce tumorigenesis by 2 alternative mechanisms: deregulation of the cell cycle resulting in gene overexpression or gene fusion resulting in a hybrid, chimeric oncogene. Tumor-specific recurrent chromosomal translocations and novel fusion oncogenes in aggressive head and(More)
BACKGROUND At the turn of the century, only 300 cases of warfarin-induced skin necrosis (WISN) had been reported. WISN is a rare but potentially fatal complication of warfarin therapy. There are no published reports of WISN occurring in patients with HIV-1 infection or tuberculosis (TB). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed cases of WISN presenting from(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of antiretroviral and antituberculosis treatment in Africa, clinical deterioration during antituberculosis treatment remains a frequent reason for hospital admission. We therefore determined the incidence, causes and risk factors for clinical(More)
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy, and its incidence is rising in the USA and other countries. Papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas are the two most common types of thyroid cancer. Non-overlapping genetic alterations, including BRAF and RAS point mutations, and RET/PTC and PAX8/PPARγ rearrangements, are found in more than 70% of(More)
THE GASTROINTESTINAL (GI) TRACT IS A MAJOR SITE OF DISEASE IN HIV INFECTION: almost half of HIV-infected patients present with GI symptoms, and almost all patients develop GI complications. GI symptoms such as anorexia, weight loss, dysphagia, odynophagia, abdominal pain, and diarrhea are frequent and usually nonspecific among these patients. Endoscopy is(More)
Gene expression profiling reveals elevated Notch1 mRNA expression in triple negative breast cancers (TNBC), both basaloid and claudin-low subtypes. Notch ligands, Jagged1 and Jagged2, have been correlated with poor prognosis in TNBC. AKT, an oncogenic protein kinase family that is activated downstream of Notch in breast cancer cell lines, is frequently(More)