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1. We have characterised the effects of piperine, a pungent alkaloid found in black pepper, on the human vanilloid receptor TRPV1 using whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology. 2. Piperine produced a clear agonist activity at the human TRPV1 receptor yielding rapidly activating whole-cell currents that were antagonised by the competitive TRPV1 antagonist(More)
D(1A)-null mice were backcrossed over 14 generations into a C57BL/6 background to result in essential elimination (to <0.005%) of any contribution from the 129/Sv component of their initially mixed (129/SvxC57BL/6) background. Their phenotype was assessed using an ethologically based approach that resolves each individual topography of behaviour in the(More)
A novel procedure for the assessment of orofacial movement topographies in mice was used to study, for the first time, the individual and interactive involvement of dopamine D(1)-like vs. D(2)-like receptors in their regulation. The dopamine D(1)-like receptor agonists A 68930 ([1R,3S]-1-aminomethyl-5,6-dihydroxy-3-phenyl-isochroman) and SK&F 83959(More)
A novel system was used to assess the role of D(1)-like dopamine receptors in distinct topographies of orofacial movements in mice with congenic D(1A) receptor knockout. Under spontaneous conditions, vertical jaw movements in wild-types declined with time at a rate that was reduced in D(1A) mutants, while horizontal jaw movements emerged progressively in(More)
Congenic (10 backcrosses into C57BL/6J) mutants with targeted gene deletion of DARPP-32, a neuronal phosphoprotein regarded as an essential mediator of the biological effects of dopamine (DA), were assessed phenotypically using an ethologically based approach that resolves all topographies of behavior in the mouse repertoire. Over initial exploration,(More)
Uncertainty as to the functional role of the D(3) dopamine receptor, due primarily to a paucity of selective agonists or antagonists, is being addressed in mice with targeted gene deletion ("knockout") thereof. This study describes, for the first time, the phenotype of congenic D(3)-null mice. Initially, 129/Sv x C57BL/6 D(3)-null mice were backcrossed 14(More)
In the absence of selective agonists and antagonists able to discriminate between individual members of the D1-like and D2-like families of dopamine receptor subtypes, functional parcellation has remained problematic. 'Knockout' of these subtypes by targeted gene deletion offers a new approach to evaluating their roles in the regulation of behaviour. Like(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) at presynaptic sites can modulate dopaminergic synaptic transmission by regulating dopamine (DA) release and uptake. Dopaminergic transmission in nigrostriatal and mesolimbic pathways is vital for the coordination of movement and is associated with learning and behavioral reinforcement. We reported(More)
Using a novel system, the role of D2-like dopamine receptors in distinct topographies of orofacial movement was assessed in mutant mice with congenic D2 vs. D3 receptor knockout, and compared with findings in D1A mutants. Under spontaneous conditions, D2 mutants evidenced increased vertical jaw movements and unaltered horizontal jaw movements, with(More)
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