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Several recent studies have suggested that the adult bone marrow harbors cells that can influence beta-cell regeneration in diabetic animals. Other reports, however, have contradicted these findings. To address this issue, we used an animal model of type 1 diabetes in which the disease was induced with streptozotocin in mice. Freshly prepared sex-mismatched(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are a heterogeneous group of hematological disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, enhanced bone marrow apoptosis and frequent progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Several recent studies suggested that, besides the abnormal development of stem cells, microenvironmental alterations are also present in the MDS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising for use in regenerative medicine. Cytostatics can decrease, but low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) can increase the growth of MSCs. The interaction of LPLI, MSCs and cytostatics is not known. This study investigated the effect of four cytostatics (carboplatin, cytarabine, paclitaxel,(More)
In recent years it has become clear that mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) are capable of modulating inflammatory and immune responses through interaction with a wide variety of cells. Whereas several studies indicated that PGE2 is one of the chief soluble mediators involved in these processes, here we investigated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production(More)
We studied the effect of soluble antigen-antibody complexes on the responses of polyclonally activated murine B lymphocytes. For this, normal B lymphocytes were stimulated with rabbit F(ab')2 anti-mu and lymphokines. IgG complexes, particularly in antigen excess, inhibited the plaque-forming cell response (55-70%), while proliferation was unaffected.(More)
Galectin-1 (Gal-1) has been implicated in tumor progression partly via the induction of T-cell apoptosis. However the mechanism of Gal-1 induced T-cell death was mostly studied using recombinant, soluble Gal-1 producing controversial results. To explore the true mechanism of Gal-1 and hence tumor cell-induced T-cell death, we applied co-cultures of tumor(More)
Galectin-1 is a member of the family of beta-galactoside binding animal lectins, galectins. Its presence in the bone marrow has been detected; however, its role in the regulation of hematopoiesis is unknown. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of recombinant human galectin-1 on the proliferation and survival of murine and human hematopoietic(More)
Mesenchymal stem cell like (MSCl) cells were generated from human embryonic stem cells (hESC) through embryoid body formation, and isolated by adherence to plastic surface. MSCl cell lines could be propagated without changes in morphological or functional characteristics for more than 15 passages. These cells, as well as their fluorescent protein expressing(More)
Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) provide an important source for tissue regeneration and may become especially useful in the formation of osteogenic seeds. PDLSCs can be cultured, expanded, and differentiated in vitro; thus, they may be applied in the long-term treatment of the defects in the dental regions. Here we studied numerous potential(More)
Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) of distinct tissue origin have a large number of similarities and differences, it has not been determined so far whether tissue-resident MSCs are the progenies of one ancestor cell lineage or the results of parallel cell developmental events. Here we compared the expression levels of 177 genes in murine MSCs derived(More)