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Several recent studies have suggested that the adult bone marrow harbors cells that can influence beta-cell regeneration in diabetic animals. Other reports, however, have contradicted these findings. To address this issue, we used an animal model of type 1 diabetes in which the disease was induced with streptozotocin in mice. Freshly prepared sex-mismatched(More)
We studied the effect of soluble antigen-antibody complexes on the responses of polyclonally activated murine B lymphocytes. For this, normal B lymphocytes were stimulated with rabbit F(ab')2 anti-mu and lymphokines. IgG complexes, particularly in antigen excess, inhibited the plaque-forming cell response (55-70%), while proliferation was unaffected.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cell like (MSCl) cells were generated from human embryonic stem cells (hESC) through embryoid body formation, and isolated by adherence to plastic surface. MSCl cell lines could be propagated without changes in morphological or functional characteristics for more than 15 passages. These cells, as well as their fluorescent protein expressing(More)
There is an increasing body of evidence that suggests that genes involved in cell fate decisions and pattern formation during development also play a key role in the continuous cell fate decisions made by adult tissue stem cells. Here we show that prolonged in vitro culture (14 days) of murine bone marrow lineage negative cells in medium supplemented with(More)
In recent years it has become clear that mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) are capable of modulating inflammatory and immune responses through interaction with a wide variety of cells. Whereas several studies indicated that PGE2 is one of the chief soluble mediators involved in these processes, here we investigated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production(More)
The early antibody-repertoire is mainly composed of multi- and polyreactive IgM autoantibodies. Some of them (about 10%) also react with cell surface antigens. It is supposed that these latter antibodies promote--particularly under the maturation of the immune system--the expansion of different lymphocyte populations and subpopulations, namely the filling(More)
Galectin-1 (Gal-1) has been implicated in tumor progression partly via the induction of T-cell apoptosis. However the mechanism of Gal-1 induced T-cell death was mostly studied using recombinant, soluble Gal-1 producing controversial results. To explore the true mechanism of Gal-1 and hence tumor cell-induced T-cell death, we applied co-cultures of tumor(More)
Galectin-1 is a member of the family of beta-galactoside binding animal lectins, galectins. Its presence in the bone marrow has been detected; however, its role in the regulation of hematopoiesis is unknown. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of recombinant human galectin-1 on the proliferation and survival of murine and human hematopoietic(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to differentiate into distinct mesenchymal tissues; including cartilage and bone, they can be an attractive cell source for cartilage tissue engineering approaches. Our objective here was to compare the in vitro chondrogenic potential of MSCs isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)(More)
The primary receptor ligand interaction between rat leucocyte membrane receptors for IgM and their ligands were examined. We found that the incubation time for optimal IgM binding is different on the two types of IgM-Fc receptor-bearing spleen cells and peritoneal macrophages. The investigation of cytophilic activity of polyclonal or monoclonal IgM proteins(More)