Ferenc Puskás

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BACKGROUND Paraplegia continues to complicate thoracoabdominal aortic interventions. The elusive mechanism of spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury has delayed the development of pharmacological adjuncts. Microglia, the resident macrophages of the central nervous system, can have pathological responses after a variety of insults. This can occur through(More)
BACKGROUND Paraplegia remains a devastating complication of thoracic aortic surgery. The mechanism of the antecedent spinal cord ischemia and reperfusion injury (IR) remains poorly described. IR involves 2 injuries, an initial ischemic insult and subsequent inflammatory amplification of the injury. This mechanism is consistent with the clinical phenomenon(More)
OBJECTIVE Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients exhibit increased spontaneous and diminished activation-induced apoptosis. We tested the hypothesis that key biochemical checkpoints, the mitochondrial transmembrane potential (deltapsim) and production of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs), mediate the(More)
Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, generally functions as an antioxidant by directly reacting with reactive oxygen intermediates and has a vital role in defenses against oxidative stress. However, ascorbic acid also has pro-oxidant properties and may cause apoptosis of lymphoid and myeloid cells. The present study shows that dehydroascorbate, the oxidized form of(More)
The signaling networks that mediate activation, proliferation, or programmed cell death of T lymphocytes are dependent on complex redox and metabolic pathways. T lymphocytes are primarily activated through the T-cell receptor and co-stimulatory molecules. Although activation results in lymphokine production, proliferation, and clonal expansion, it also(More)
Cognitive dysfunction remains a frequent complication of cardiac surgery. Despite many years of research, few preventive strategies and no definitive therapeutic options exist for the management of this troublesome clinical problem. This shortcoming may be secondary to an incomplete understanding of the pathophysiology and etiology of cognitive loss after(More)
BACKGROUND A donor lung shortage prevents patients from receiving life-saving transplants. Ex-vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a viable means of expanding the donor pool by evaluating and potentially improving donor lung function. The metabolic and inflammatory effects of EVLP on human lung tissue are currently unknown. We sought to establish representative(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are susceptible to peroxidation and they yield various degradation products, including the main α,β-unsaturated hydroxyalkenal, 4-hydroxy-2,3-trans-nonenal (HNE) in oxidative stress. Due to its high reactivity, HNE interacts with various macromolecules of the cell, and this general toxicity clearly contributes to a wide variety(More)
BACKGROUND Neurocognitive dysfunction (NCD) continues to occur in a significant number of patients after cardiac procedures. The factors influencing its incidence and severity are not completely known. We hypothesized that hyperglycemia, which is known to exacerbate other forms of cerebral injury, may exacerbate NCD after cardiac operations. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Paraplegia remains a devastating complication for patients undergoing thoracic aortic procedures. Although surgical adjuncts have evolved to reduce the risk of paraplegia, no pharmacologic therapies have proven efficacious in attenuating spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury. Effects of erythropoietin in spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury,(More)