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OBJECTIVE We tested the association between theory of mind (ToM) performance and structural changes in the brains of patients in the early course of schizophrenia. METHOD Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) data of 18 patients with schizophrenia were compared with those of 21 controls. ToM skills were assessed by computerized faux pas (FP) tasks. RESULTS(More)
Atrophy of the left or right side of the hippocampus has been related to cognitive deficits and psychiatric disease. In this study, we examined the correlation between the hippocampal volume laterality index and the relative lengths of the second (index finger) and fourth (ring finger) digits (2D:4D) in healthy female subjects. The 2D:4D ratio is fixed in(More)
In the present study brain laterality, hemispheric communication, and mental rotation performance were examined. A sample of 33 women were tested for a possible linear relationship of testosterone level and mental rotation with structural background of the brain. Subjects with a smaller splenial area of corpus callosum tended to have lower levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Longitudinal relaxation time (T(1)) map generation from human brain slices renders possible the in vivo follow-up of the changes in T(1) values during the course of several pathologies such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury etc. T(1) values can be converted to water contents, thus brain oedema reducing therapy can be(More)
Primary intraventricular hematomas account for approximately 6% of all intracerebral hematomas. If the clot blocks cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathways, surgical intervention, which may be of different types, can be life-saving. In the case reported here, after careful preoperative planning the use of two rigid endoscopes permitted the removal of most of the(More)
Brain white matter hyperintensities are more prevalent in migraine patients than in the general population, but the pathogenesis and the risk factors of these hyperintensities are not fully elucidated. The authors analyzed the routine clinical data of 186 migraine patients who were referred to the Outpatient Headache Department of the Department of(More)
INTRODUCTION Volumetric analysis of brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) measures structural changes associated with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. In recent years several studies have shown the utility of the volumetric measurement of the medial temporal lobe structures, especially the amygdala and the hippocampus in temporal lobe epilepsy,(More)
Marfan syndrome is a hereditary disorder of the connective tissue that, in its most classic form, includes cardiovascular, ocular, and skeletal features. The neurological problems associated with the disease are mainly caused by intracranial vascular abnormalities and spinal meningeal defects, but other neurological manifestations are rarely present.(More)
Traumatic brain injury is putting an extreme burden on societies all over the world. While surgical and neuro-intensive treatment is traditionally aimed at space occupying or focal lesions, traumatic brain injury is frequently associated with diffuse axonal injury, which significantly contributes to its morbidity and mortality. Current taught appreciates(More)
INTRODUCTION Better understanding of the basic mechanism of disorders of movement, together with improvements in surgery and electrophysiological techniques have led to a resurge of interest in the surgical treatment of patients with tremor. Ventrolateral thalamotomy has been considered to be an alternative neurosurgical treatment for disabled persons(More)