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N-(3-(Aminomethyl)benzyl)acetamidine (1400W) was a slow, tight binding inhibitor of human inducible nitric- oxide synthase (iNOS). The slow onset of inhibition by 1400W showed saturation kinetics with a maximal rate constant of 0.028 s-1 and a binding constant of 2.0 microM. Inhibition was dependent on the cofactor NADPH. L-Arginine was a competitive(More)
The authors report the frequency, characteristic clinical symptoms, laboratory alterations and diagnostic criteria of the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) after subarachnoid haemorrhage. The data on 290 patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) during a period of years at the Division of Neurosurgery, University Medical(More)
The effects of the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, N-(3-(aminomethyl)benzyl)-acetamidine (1400W) which is selective for the inducible isoform of NO synthase, on rat colonic microvascular injury provoked by Escherichia coli endotoxin (3 mg/kg i.v.) has been compared to those of aminoguanidine (25-50 mg/kg, s.c.), NG-iminoethyl-L-ornithine (L-NIO, 15-30(More)
The effects of dopamine (DA) or DA-active drugs on the synthesis of neurohypophyseal (NH) hormones were studied in 13-14 day cultures of isolated NH tissue from rats. The following DA-active compounds were used (10(-6) M in each medium): DA, apomorphine (APM), Pro-Lys-Gly (PLG), butaclamol (B), haloperidol (HP), chlorpromazine (CPZ) and sulpiride (SP). The(More)
1. The role of nitric oxide (NO) formed by the inducible isoform of NO synthase (NOS) in the generation of indomethacin-induced intestinal microvascular leakage was investigated in the rat. 2. Indomethacin (10 mg kg-1, s.c.) provoked an elevation of vascular leakage of radiolabelled human serum albumin in the jejunum over 48 h, commencing 18 h after its(More)
The pituitary glands were removed from 63 human fetuses from 5 weeks of gestation to term and studied by electron microscopy and ultrastructural immunocytochemistry to document the development of cell differentiation and hormone production in the adenohypophysis. At 5 weeks of gestation, Rathke's cleft was lined by columnar epithelium with abundant(More)
The effects of the non-peptide vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist, 5-dimethylamino-1-[4-(2-methylbenzoylamino)benzoyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrah ydro-1 H-benzazepine hydrochloride (OPC-31260) on the cerebral oedema induced by subarachnoid haemorrhage were studied in rats. Subarachnoid haemorrhage induced significant water retention after water loading, increased the(More)
The osmoregulation of arginine-8-vasopressin (AVP) was investigated in 14 patients with primary hypothyroidism and in 6 with Addison's disease. Plasma AVP was measured by radioimmunoassay. Patients with primary hypothyroidism were classified into subgroups with elevated (6.81 +/- 1.12 pmol/l) or normal (3.92 +/- 0.96 pmol/l) basal levels of plasma AVP.(More)
OBJECTIVES Ischemia-reperfusion injury can be involved in the pathophysiology of acute necrotizing pancreatitis. The aim of our study was to determine the production of cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), the activation of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and the development of apoptosis during this pathologic(More)
A rat model of the Schwartz-Bartter syndrome was created by the administration of a high dose of a long-acting vasopressin preparation (pitressin tannate ) together with a forced water intake. The treatment led to water retention, hypernatriuria , marked hyponatraemia (in 4-5 days) and severe cerebral oedema. These changes could be prevented by the(More)