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Mild acids are known to activate dentin matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs). All self-etching dental adhesives are acidic (pH 1.5-2.7) and may activate dentin MMPs. The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of several all-in-one adhesives to activate gelatinolytic and collagenolytic activities in powdered mineralized dentin. Powdered dentin made from(More)
Breast duct epithelium produces, secretes, and metabolises several biologically important compounds, which are found in breast secretions obtained in physiologic and pathologic conditions (milk and nipple aspirate fluids, respectively). In order to preliminarily evaluate the ultrastructural morphology of the cells found in Type II nipple aspirate fluids(More)
Auto-degradation of collagen matrices occurs in resin-infiltrated dentine by the slow action of host-derived matrix metalloproteinases. As phosphoric acid-etching inactivates these endogenous enzymes, it is puzzling how hybrid layers created by simplified etch-and-rinse adhesives can degrade in vivo. This study tested the null hypothesis that there are no(More)
The frequency of gross cystic breast disease in premenopausal women and its possible association with in-creased breast cancer risk emphasises the importance of investigations relating to breast cyst fluid composition. In order to contribute to a better analysis of this medium, we have measured the presence of prostate-specific antigen immuno-reactivity in(More)
In this report, we have evaluated the effects of a TransFix-based stabilisation technique on leukocyte scatter characteristics, immunophenotyping, membrane permeability, absolute cell counting and morphology to extend previously reported flow cytometric data focused on the lymphocyte population. We show that scatter characteristics, immunophenotyping and(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent endopeptidases, which can synergistically degrade the major components of extracellular matrix (ECM). A key role in maintaining the balance between ECM deposition and degradation in several physio-pathological processes is carried out, through multiple biological functions, by four members of(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a kallikrein-like serine protease until recently thought to be prostate specific, has been demonstrated in various nonprostatic tissues and body fluids. PSA has been also found in human endometrium and amniotic fluids, even if the significance of this novel expression is unclear. In this study, we have demonstrated by(More)
The role and function of dentin matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are not well-understood, but they may play a key role in dentinal caries and the degradation of resin-bonded dentin matrices. To test the null hypothesis that MMP-9 is not found in dentin matrix, we used gelatin zymography to extract and isolate all molecular forms of gelatinolytic MMPs in(More)
A case is presented of female breast intracystic carcinoma with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) expressed in high amounts in aspirated cystic fluid (55 micrograms/L). Tumor extract analysis revealed the presence of both estrogen and progesterone receptors (0.38 and 1.87 nmol/L, respectively) and high quantities of PSA too (19.52 micrograms/L).(More)
Human breast cyst fluid (BCF) proteins were evaluated by sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) after protein denaturation in the presence or absence of 2-mercaptoethanol. Both electrophoretic techniques yielded characteristic and reproducible banding patterns and achieved a high degree of resolution. The known four major(More)