Ferdinando Cornelio

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Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is an X-linked inherited disease characterized by early contracture of the elbows, Achilles tendons and post-cervical muscles, slow progressive muscle wasting and weakness and cardiomyopathy presenting with arrhythmia and atrial paralysis: heart block can eventually lead to sudden death. The EDMD geneencodes a novel(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, deafness and narcolepsy (ADCA-DN) is characterized by late onset (30-40 years old) cerebellar ataxia, sensory neuronal deafness, narcolepsy-cataplexy and dementia. We performed exome sequencing in five individuals from three ADCA-DN kindreds and identified DNMT1 as the only gene with mutations found in all five affected(More)
Irreversible connective tissue proliferation in muscle is a pathological hallmark of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a genetic degenerative muscle disease due to lack of the sarcolemmal protein dystrophin. Focal release of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is involved in fibrosis development. Murine muscular dystrophy (mdx) is genetically(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a fatal disorder characterized by progressive muscular weakness, wasting, and severe muscle contractures in later disease stages. Muscle biopsy reveals conspicuous myofiber degeneration and fibrosis substituting muscle tissue. We quantitatively determined mRNA of the potent fibrogenic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta 1(More)
Two men and one woman with debrancher deficiency had symptoms and signs of neuromuscular disease. The two men had adult-onset and slowly progressive weakness, distal muscle wasting, "mixed" electromyographic patterns, and slow nerve conduction velocities; the initial diagnosis was Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease in one patient and motor neuron disease in the(More)
Muscle inflammation is characteristic of inflammatory myopathies but also occurs in muscular dystrophy with lack of the sarcolemmal protein dysferlin. We quantified inflammatory cells and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) expression in muscle from 10 patients with dysferlinopathy. Infiltrating cells were always present although numbers varied(More)
Azathioprine (Aza) has been used alone or in combination with steroids for two groups of myasthenic patients. Positive responses were noted in 75% of patients on Aza alone and in 70% receiving the combined regimen. The clinical course of the two groups differed in terms of respiratory crisis and need for plasma exchange. With an appropriate Aza(More)
Experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG), a model for human myasthenia (MG), is routinely induced in susceptible rat strains by a single immunization with Torpedo acetylcholine receptor (TAChR). TAChR immunization induces anti-AChR Abs that cross-react with self AChR, activate the complement cascade, and promote degradation of the postsynaptic(More)
We studied 197 patients with thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis (T-MG) to identify variables that can influence the natural history of the disease and the therapeutical approaches. Multivariate analysis showed that neither clinical nor pathological variables were associated with a better chance to reach complete stable remission. The video-assisted(More)
Three patients affected by a progressive myopathy with rapid lethal evolution are presented. Excessive lipid storage was found in type 1 fibres of muscle and in liver, kidney, and myocardium. Carnitine concentrations were markedly reduced in muscle, plasma, and heart, significantly lower in the liver, and normal in kidney. D-L carnitine replacement therapy(More)