Ferdaus Hassan

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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a potent bone resorbing factor. The effect of LPS on osteoclast formation was examined by using murine RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. LPS-induced the formation of multinucleated giant cells (MGC) in RAW 264.7 cells 3 days after the exposure. MGCs were positive for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity. Further, MGC(More)
Twenty-one atypical Shigella flexneri type 4 strains isolated from patients attending the Dhaka treatment center of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, were extensively characterized and compared with S. flexneri serotypes 4a and 4b. The atypical strains agglutinated only with the type antigen factor 4 and did not(More)
The effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the cell death induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress agents in RAW 264.7 cells was studied. LPS prevented the cell death by brefeldin A, but not thapsigargin and tunicamycin. CpG DNA as well as LPS prevented brefeldin A-induced cell death whereas tumor necrosis factor-alpha or interferon-gamma did not.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that the vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene from plant sources is lower than previously estimated. OBJECTIVE We assessed the effect of 60 d of daily supplementation with 750 microg retinol equivalents (RE) of either cooked, puréed sweet potatoes; cooked, puréed Indian spinach (Basella alba); or synthetic sources of(More)
Of 469 recently isolated Shigella flexneri strains, 452 agglutinated with Shigella flexneri-specific monoclonal antibodies. Of these, 396 could be assigned to 10 of the currently recognized 15 serotypes, with S. flexneri 2b dominating (23.2%). Of the 56 untypeable strains which showed invasive properties, 17 were serologically atypical and the remaining 39(More)
We have proposed the novel concept that the macrophage ubiquitin–proteasome pathway functions as a key regulator of Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation signaling. These findings suggest that proteasome-associated protease subunits X, Y, and Z are replaced by LMP subunits after LPS treatment of RAW 264.7 cells. The objective here was to determine(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 68 (EV-D68) causes acute respiratory tract illness in epidemic cycles, most recently in Fall 2014, but clinical characteristics of severe disease are not well reported. OBJECTIVES Children with EV-D68 severe respiratory disease requiring pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) management were compared with children with severe(More)
We ought to obtain data on the prevalence of the newly discovered tranfusion transmittable hepatitis G virus in polytransfused b- thalassemia major children. Each individual had received multiple blood transfusions, from 12 to 36 per year. No documentation of prior hepatic infection was available. Serum samples were collected prospectively from the randomly(More)
The effect of toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 ligand pretreatment on the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in response to TLR7 or TLR2 ligand was examined in order to establish a new TLR-mediated tolerance. RAW 264.7 macrophage-like cells were treated with imiquimod R837 as a TLR7 ligand for 18h, washed and incubated in fresh culture medium 6h. The(More)
UNLABELLED In August 2014, an outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) occurred in North America, causing severe respiratory disease in children. Due to a lack of complete genome sequence data, there is only a limited understanding of the molecular evolution and epidemiology of EV-D68 during this outbreak, and it is uncertain whether the differing clinical(More)