Fenton Schaffner

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Before the availability of serological markers for hepatitis C, the morphological features of this diagnosis, which represents most non-A, non-B hepatitis, could not be confirmed. We examined biopsy specimens from 50 patients with chronic hepatitis C and 21 patients with autoimmune chronic hepatitis. Each biopsy specimen was graded on 19 different(More)
Serum levels of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) were determined in a racially mixed population of 107 alcoholics, 18 healthy, nonalcoholic control subjects, 62 abstinent alcoholics, and in 64 Caucasian patients with various nonalcoholic liver diseases. The upper limit of normal CDT levels was 80 mg/liter (2 SD above the mean). CDT values exceeding(More)
To estimate the prevalence of primary biliary cirrhosis in family members with this disease and determine if a family history of primary biliary cirrhosis predisposes to the development of this disease, we performed a retrospective review of charts and a prospective mail survey of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Prevalence of primary biliary(More)
The first record of Aedes albopictus in metropolitan France has been made in a village of Orne (Basse-Normandie). A few larvae were collected in October 1999, in the used tire stock of an important tire recycling company, importing in particular from the USA and Japan. Reproduction of the species has taken place in France, and the environmental conditions(More)
We followed up 55 patients with proven primary biliary cirrhosis for several years or until death. A graph of the level of serum bilirubin versus time that was constructed for each patient shows an initial period of variable length in which the serum bilirubin level remained constant. This was followed by a period of rapid rise in serum bilirubin which(More)
A 7 1/2-year-old girl with hypermethioninemia, myopathy, and mental deficiency (IQ = 65) is described. The increased methionine was not associated with deficiency of methionine adenosyltransferase, which was normal or increased in liver, muscle, erythrocytes, and cultured fibroblasts. Methionyl-tRNA synthetase in fibroblasts was normal. The(More)
A subset of workers was followed after exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, and furans in an occupational medicine clinic setting. Patterns of PCBs found in adipose tissue resembled the pattern seen when soot from the incident or Aroclor 1254 was examined by GC-MS. Adipose tissue also revealed levels of hepta- and octachlorinated furans(More)