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BACKGROUND Our previous study has demonstrated that knockdown of activated ERK1/2(pERK1/2) sensitizes pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drug gemcitabine (Gem) treatment. However, the details of this survival mechanism remain undefined. It has also shown that Bcl-2 confers resistance and Bax sensitizes to gemcitabine-induced apoptosis in pancreatic(More)
BACKGROUND The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway plays a critical role in promoting tumor growth. TGF-β1was found to be overexpressed in anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). We therefore tested our hypothesis that targeting TGF-β1 inhibits tumorigenesis of ATC cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS Effects of TGF-β1 stimulation or TGF-β1 inhibition(More)
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