Fengyi Yang

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PURPOSE We evaluated the delivery efficiency of intravenously injected large molecular agents, before and after disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB-D), induced by focused ultrasound (FUS) using various acoustic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected intravenously with Evans blue (EB) before or after BBB-D induction(More)
It has been shown that focused ultrasound (FUS) can disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) noninvasively and reversibly at target locations when applied in the presence of ultrasound contrast agent (UCA). In this study, the dose-dependent effects of UCA on BBB disruption were investigated in the brains of 16 male Wistar rats sonicated by 1.0-MHz transcranial(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the permeability of the blood-brain barrier after sonication by pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound and to determine if such an approach increases the tumor:ipsilateral brain permeability ratio. MATERIALS AND METHODS F98 glioma-bearing Fischer 344 rats were injected intravenously with Evans blue with(More)
The protein expressions of neurotrophic factors can be enhanced by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) stimulation in the brain. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the protective effect of LIPUS stimulation against aluminum-induced cerebral damage in Alzheimer's disease rat model. LIPUS was administered 7 days before each aluminum chloride(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of targeted and untargeted (111)In-doxorubicin liposomes after these have been intravenously administrated to tumor-bearing mice in the presence of blood-brain barrier disruption (BBB-D) induced by focused ultrasound (FUS). An intracranial brain tumor model in NOD-scid mice using human brain(More)
BACKGROUND High-dose tissue-specific delivery of therapeutic agents would be a valuable clinical strategy. We have previously shown that repeated transcranial focused ultrasound is able to increase the delivery of Evans blue significantly into brain tissue. The present study shows that repeated pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can be used to(More)
BACKGROUND Astrocytes play an important role in the growth and survival of developing neurons by secreting neurotrophic factors. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to investigate how low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) stimulation directly affects brain astrocyte function. METHODS Here, we report that LIPUS stimulation increased protein levels of(More)
Focused ultrasound (FUS) combined with microbubbles has been shown to be a noninvasive and targeted drug delivery technique for brain tumor treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure the kinetics of Gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) in glioma-bearing rats in the presence of FUS-induced blood-brain barrier disruption (BBB-D)(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) can be transiently disrupted by focused ultrasound (FUS) in the presence of microbubbles for targeted drug delivery. Previous studies have illustrated the pharmacokinetics of drug delivery across the BBB after sonication using indirect visualization techniques. In this study, we investigated the in vivo extracellular kinetics(More)