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National, regional, and global sex ratios of infant, child, and under-5 mortality and identification of countries with outlying ratios: a systematic assessment.
BACKGROUND Under natural circumstances, the sex ratio of male to female mortality up to the age of 5 years is greater than one but sex discrimination can change sex ratios. The estimation ofExpand
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Systematic assessment of the sex ratio at birth for all countries and estimation of national imbalances and regional reference levels
Significance This study provides information on sex ratio at birth (SRB) reference levels and SRB imbalance. Using a comprehensive database and a Bayesian estimation model, we estimate that SRBExpand
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National and regional under-5 mortality rate by economic status for low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic assessment
Summary Background The progress to achieve the fourth Millennium Development Goal in reducing mortality rate in children younger than 5 years since 1990 has been remarkable. However, work remains toExpand
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How Informative are Vital Registration Data for Estimating Maternal Mortality? A Bayesian Analysis of WHO Adjustment Data and Parameters
Monitoring maternal mortality is challenging due to fragmented data of varying quality. The maternal mortality estimates published by the WHO in 2012 included data adjustment parameters to accountExpand
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Levels and trends in the sex ratio at birth and missing female births for 29 states and union territories in India 1990–2016: A Bayesian modeling study
The sex ratio at birth (SRB) has risen in India and reaches well beyond the levels under normal circumstances since the 1970s. The lasting imbalanced SRB has resulted in much more males than femalesExpand
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Gender dierences in infant and child mortality: Estimation and identication of countries with outlying levels or trends
Under natural circumstances, the ratio of the male to female under-five mortality rate is greater than one. However, deprivation of girls’ access to health care or proper nutrition could lead toExpand
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A Systematic Assessment of National , Regional and Global Levels and Trends in the Sex Ratio at Birth and Identification of Countries with Outlying Levels
Under normal circumstances, the sex ratio at birth (SRB) has been reported to vary between 1.04 and 1.07. But gender discrimination and other factors associated with the SRB can result in differentExpand
Probabilistic projection of the sex ratio at birth and missing female births by State and Union Territory in India
The sex ratio at birth (SRB) in India has been reported to be imbalanced since the 1970s. Previous studies have shown there is a great variation in the SRB between geographic locations across IndiaExpand
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Levels and trends in the sex ratio at birth in seven provinces of Nepal between 1980 and 2016 with probabilistic projections to 2050: a Bayesian modeling approach
The sex ratio at birth (SRB; ratio of male to female births) in Nepal has been reported without imbalance on the national level. However, the national SRB could mask the disparity within the country.Expand
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