Learn More
Signaling between neurons requires highly specialized subcellular structures, including dendrites and axons. Dendrites exhibit diverse morphologies yet little is known about the mechanisms controlling dendrite formation in vivo. We have developed methods to visualize the stereotyped dendritic morphogenesis in living Drosophila embryos. Dendrite development(More)
We have investigated the RNA binding specificity of Hel-N1, a human neuron-specific RNA-binding protein, which contains three RNA recognition motifs. Hel-N1 is a human homolog of Drosophila melanogaster elav, which plays a vital role in the development of neurons. A random RNA selection procedure revealed that Hel-N1 prefers to bind RNAs containing short(More)
Recently it has been shown that the potent apoptotic agent ceramide activates a mitochondrial protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and promotes dephosphorylation of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl2 (Ruvolo, P. P., Deng, X., Ito, T., Carr, B. K., and May, W. S. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 20296-20300). In cells expressing Bcl2, dephosphorylation of Bcl2 appears to(More)
Interleukin (IL)-3-induced Bcl2 phosphorylation at Ser(70) may be required for its full and potent antiapoptotic activity. However, in the absence of IL-3, increased expression of Bcl2 can also prolong cell survival. To determine how Bcl2 may be functionally phosphorylated following IL-3 withdrawal, a stress-activated Bcl2 kinase (SAK) was sought. Results(More)
Hel-N1, a human RNA-binding protein, shares significant homology with Drosophila protein ELAV, which is essential for fly neuronal development. Hel-N1 has been shown to bind in vitro to 3' untranslated regions of mRNAs encoding c-myc, c-fos, granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and transcriptional repressor, Id. We report that Hel-N1 and a(More)
Human proteins Hel-N1 and Hel-N2 contain three RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), and are members of a family of proteins highly homologous to Drosophila ELAV, which is essential for neuronal differentiation. Both proteins bind to A+U-rich 3' untranslated regions of a variety of growth-related mRNAs in vitro. Here we demonstrate that in medulloblastoma cells(More)
Nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is formed by nitrosation of nicotine and has been identified as the most potent carcinogen contained in cigarette smoke. NNK significantly contributes to smoking-related lung cancer, but the molecular mechanism remains enigmatic. Bcl2 and c-Myc are two major oncogenic proteins that(More)
Nicotine is an important component in cigarette smoke that can activate the growth-promoting pathways to facilitate the development of lung cancer. However, the intracellular mechanism(s) by which nicotine promotes survival of lung cancer cells remains enigmatic. Bad is a proapoptotic BH3-only member of the Bcl2 family and is expressed in both small cell(More)
Nicotine is not only a major component in tobacco but is also a survival agonist that inhibits apoptosis induced by diverse stimuli including chemotherapeutic drugs. However, the intracellular mechanism(s) involved in nicotine suppression of apoptosis is unclear. Bcl2 is a potent antiapoptotic protein and tumor promotor that is expressed in both small cell(More)
Morphological complexity of neurons contributes to their functional complexity. How neurons generate different dendritic patterns is not known. We identified the sequoia mutant from a previous screen for dendrite mutants. Here we report that Sequoia is a pan-neural nuclear protein containing two putative zinc fingers homologous to the DNA binding domain of(More)