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Crude bio-oil from pine chip fast pyrolysis was upgraded with olefins (1-octene, cyclohexene, 1,7-octadiene, and 2,4,4-trimethylpentene) plus 1-butanol (iso-butanol, t-butanol and ethanol) at 120 °C using a silica sulfuric acid (SSA) catalyst that possesses a good catalytic activity and stability. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), Fourier(More)
Modification of wood with phenol-formaldehyde (PF) and melamine-formaldehyde (MF) resins is known as an efficient strategy to improve wood’s dimensional stability, mechanical strength, and durability. This study systematically examined the effects of these types of modifications on the thermo-oxidative decomposition and combustion behavior of Scots pine(More)
Improving the flame retardancy of wood is an imperative yet highly challenging step in the application of wood in densely populated spaces. In this study, Mg-Al-layered double-hydroxide (LDH) coating was successfully fabricated on a wood substrate to confer flame-retardant and smoke-suppression properties. The chemical compositions and bonding states(More)
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