Fengming Hui

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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether fibronectin fragments (Fn-fs), shown to damage cultured cartilage, can be found in cartilage from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis, or can be generated from fibronectin (Fn) within synovial fluids or from Fn in the matrix of cultured cartilage. To also determine whether cartilage or synovial fluid(More)
We reported earlier that Fn fragments (Fn-f) added to bovine articular cartilage cultured in serum-free DMEM cause marked elevated release of protease activity within a few days. This results in greatly elevated rates of release of proteoglycan (PG). We have now extended our studies to 4-week cultures of cartilage in the presence of 10% serum. We report(More)
A commercial preparation of 800-kDa hyaluronic acid (HA), (ARTZ from Seikagaku, Inc.), has been used as a therapeutic intervention in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). We tested the effect of this HA form, HA/800, in an in vitro cartilage chondrolytic system in which a specific amino-terminal 29-kDa fragment of fibronectin (Fn-f) penetrates cartilage(More)
Addition of fibronectin fragments to bovine articular cartilage explant cultures results in enhanced release of metalloproteinases and rapid cartilage proteoglycan (PG) degradation and loss. The chondrolysis begins with rapid PG degradation which markedly slows after 1 week. Preliminary observations suggest that catabolic cytokines mediate chondrolytic(More)
Fibronectin fragments have both catabolic and anabolic activities toward articular cartilage explants in vitro. Whereas a 1 nM concentration of an N-terminal 29 kDa fibronectin fragment (Fn-f) increases the proteoglycan (PG) content of cartilage without induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), 0.1-1 microM Fn-f temporarily suppresses PG synthesis and(More)
We reported earlier that fibronectin fragments (Fn-f) added to bovine articular cartilage cultured in serum-free culture causes marked protease expression with resultant proteoglycan (PG) degradation and release into the culture media. We have further characterized the effects of Fn-f by studies of the effects on proteoglycan, collagen, general protein, and(More)
We have reported that Fn fragments (Fn-f), which have been detected in synovial fluids of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis patients, can potently cause cartilage chondrolysis and depress proteoglycan (PG) synthesis in cartilage tissue cultured as explants. Amino-terminal 29-kDa, gelatin-binding 50-kDa, and integrin-binding 140-kDa Fn-f are active. In(More)
We have reported that three different Fn fragments (Fn-f) added to bovine articular cartilage cultured in serum-free DMEM cause marked elevation of proteoglycan (PG) degradation and release into the culture media. We report here that the PG release required the continual presence of Fn-f, that PG release still occurred when serum-free cultures were switched(More)
Fibronectin fragments damage cartilage in vitro by greatly enhancing metalloproteinases and suppressing proteoglycan (PG) synthesis which results in severe cartilage PG depletion. Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in catabolic cytokine action and preliminary data suggested that catabolic cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1 alpha, IL-1(More)
Intra-articular sodium hyaluronic acid (HA) has been used as a treatment intervention in the management of osteoarthritis. It has been observed that HA can coat the articular surface, and thus, has been suggested to provide a possible prophylactic barrier for the articular cartilage. In an accompanying manuscript (Homandberg et al.), we report that a(More)