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Recently, more and more attention is paid to reversible data hiding (RDH) in encrypted images, since it maintains the excellent property that the original cover can be losslessly recovered after embedded data is extracted while protecting the image content's confidentiality. All previous methods embed data by reversibly vacating room from the encrypted(More)
Due to the existence of security threats in the cloud, many mechanisms have been proposed to allow a user to audit data integrity with the public key of the data owner before utilizing cloud data. The correctness of choosing the right public key in previous mechanisms depends on the security of Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and certificates. Although(More)
Saxitoxin (STX) and tetrodotoxin (TTX) are frequently used to selectively block sodium channels. In this study, we provide evidence that commercial STX also inhibits L-type Ca2+ currents (I(Ca,L)) in adult mouse ventricular myocytes (VMs) and tsA-201 cells that were transiently cotransfected with three calcium channel subunits. We measured inhibition of(More)
FK506 binding proteins (FKBPs 12 and 12.6) interact with ryanodine receptor (RyR) and modulate its functions. FK506 binds to and reverses effects of FKBP on RyR, thus increasing RyR sensitivity to Ca , decreasing RyR cooperativity, and increasing RyR open probability. FK506 would thus be expected to have an effect on excitation-contraction coupling, but(More)
In this study a total of 522 samples were collected from Shandong province of China in 2014 and analysed for the occurrence of fumonisin B1 (FB1), FB2 and FB3 by isotope dilution ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Fumonisins were detected in 98.1% of the corn products, with the average total level of 369.2 μg kg(-1). The(More)
The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) for diagnosis of small (≤2 cm in diameter) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through a meta-analysis of published studies. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China BioMedicine databases was conducted on articles(More)
Recently, code construction approaching the rate-distortion bound of reversible data hiding has been proposed by Lin , in which the coding/decoding process needs the optimal probability distribution of marked-signals as parameters. Therefore, the efficiency and accuracy of estimating the optimal marked-signal distribution will greatly influence the speeds(More)
BACKGROUND The development of hyperalgesia and allodynia after chronic constrictive injury (CCI) is associated with significantly increased tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β. Theoretically, if the production of TNF-α and/or IL-1β could be reduced, neuropathic pain syndrome may be alleviated. Recently, a beneficial effect of hyperbaric(More)
A series of hollow silica nanospheres (HSNSs) with sizes ranging from 100 to 400 nm were synthesized and used for primary ultrasound imaging (US) efficiency assessment. The 400 nm HSNSs were chosen as platform for conjugation with Gd-DTPA and cyclo-arginine-glycine-aspartic acid c(RGD) peptide to construct US and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) dual-modal(More)