Fenggeng Xia

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Monascus pigments, a mixture of azaphilones mainly composed of red, orange and yellow pigments, are usually prepared in aqueous ethanol and analysed by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The pH of aqueous ethanol used during sample preparation and analysis has never been considered a key parameter to control; however, this study shows that the(More)
CpG motifs activates mammalian lymphocytes and macrophages to produce cytokines and polyclonal Ig. These include IFN-γ, IL-12, TNF-a, which are important in the control of bacterial infection. But thus far, the innate immunostimulatory effects of CpG ODN against pathogen have been established mainly in mouse, monkey, sheep, chicken, but not in neonatal(More)
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