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In order to improve the identification and distribution performance of the detector, this paper proposes Principal Component Weighted Real-valued Negative Selection Algorithm(PCW-RNS) which is based on principal component weighting. The similarity between this algorithm and the classical real-valued detector generating algorithm based on(More)
In this study, three engineered metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) with similar size but significantly different solubility were used to study the cellular uptake, toxicity and immune activation of Raw 264.7 cells. Commercially available TiO2, Fe2O3 and ZnO NPs were used in this study. Although the size of three pristine NPs are different, all three NPs showed(More)
The Artificial Immune System (AIS) community has been vibrant and active for a number of years now. Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) are a type of intelligent algorithm inspired by the principles and rocesses of the human immune system. Aplications of AIS have been studied in various fields. In the application of anomaly detection, negative selection(More)
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