Feng-lei Chao

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To investigate the effect of running exercise on myelinated fibers in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus during Alzheimer's disease (AD), 6-month-old male APP/PS1 transgenic mice were randomly assigned to control or running groups. The running group mice were subjected to a running protocol for four months. The behaviors of the mice from both group(More)
The etiology of schizophrenia (SZ) is complex and largely unknown. Neuroimaging and postmortem studies have suggested white matter disturbances in SZ. In the present study, we tested the white matter deficits hypothesis of SZ using a mouse model of SZ induced by NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801. We found that mice with repeated chronic MK-801 administration(More)
Previous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) investigations have shown that the white matter volume and fractional anisotropy (FA) were decreased in schizophrenia (SZ), which indicated impaired white matter integrity in SZ. However, the mechanism underlying these abnormalities has been less studied. The current study was(More)
It had been reported that enriched environment was beneficial for the brain cognition and for the neurons and synapses in hippocampus. Previous study reported that the oligodendrocyte density in hippocampus was increased when the rats were reared in the enriched environment from weaning to adulthood. However, biological conclusions based on density were(More)
We investigated changes in myelin sheaths in the myelinated fibers of subcortical white matter in young (6-8 months old), middle-aged (18 months old), and elderly (27-28 months old) female Long-Evans rats using transmission electron microscopy and unbiased stereological techniques. We observed three age-related changes in myelin sheaths in the white matter(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia in the elderly, is characterized by deficits in cognition and memory. Although amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulation is known to be the earliest pathological event that triggers subsequent neurodegeneration, how Aβ accumulation causes behavioral deficits remains incompletely understood. In this study, using(More)
It is now accepted that white matter abnormalities play an important role in demyelinating diseases and a wide range of psychiatric disorders. Experimental demyelination (especially induced by cuprizone) has been investigated extensively. However, details regarding demyelination and ultrastructural changes of myelinated fibers have not been previously(More)
Running has been shown to improve depressive symptoms when used as an adjunct to medication. However, the mechanisms underlying the antidepressant effects of running are not fully understood. Changes of capillaries in white matter have been discovered in clinical patients and depression model rats. Considering the important part of white matter in(More)
Many studies have shown that estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) can improve cognitive function and affect the structure of the brain, including the white matter, in postmenopausal women. However, it is unclear whether ERT plays an important role in white matter remodeling in postmenopausal women. In the present study, middle-aged (9-12-month-old) female(More)
It is unclear whether exercise delays the cognitive function decline and structural changes that occur in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, 6-month-old male APP/PS1 double transgenic mice were exercised by running for 20 min/day for four months, and then the effects of exercise on cognitive function and white matter in these AD mice were(More)