Feng-jun Li

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Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have diverse biological effects, from promoting inflammation to preventing cancer and heart disease. Growing evidence suggests that individual PUFA may have independent effects in health and disease. The individual roles of the two essential PUFA, linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA), have been difficult to(More)
Three different DNA fingerprinting techniques, the mobile genetic element (MGE)-PCR, simple sequence repeat (SSR)-PCR and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR, were used to define a large set of genetic markers to study genetic similarity within and among Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma equiperdum and Trypanosoma evansi strains (n=18) from China,(More)
Trypanosoma brucei equiperdum and Trypanosoma brucei evansi are typically considered separate species, although a recent study suggested that these organisms can be classified as subspecies of Trypanosoma brucei, which we also favor. Here we present a scenario that attempts to explain the continuing evolution of the dyskinetoplastic and akinetoplastic(More)
The goal of this study was to develop a PCR approach based on the sequence of maxicircle kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) of Trypanosoma brucei to distinguish T. brucei/T. equiperdum from T. evansi and to evaluate its diagnostic use for their detection in blood samples. Primers derived from the sequence of the maxicircle kDNA of T. brucei, encoding the NADH(More)
The early branching eukaryote Trypanosoma brucei contains functional autophagy machinery that allows regulated degradation of its own cellular components. In this study, we examined the function of two Atg8 genes, TbAtg8.1 and TbAtg8.2, in starvation-induced autophagosome formation and cell death in procyclic T. brucei. Upon starvation, both TbAtg8.1 and(More)
Lysosomes play important roles in autophagy, not only in autophagosome degradation, but also in autophagy initiation. In Trypanosoma brucei, an early divergent protozoan parasite, we discovered a previously unappreciated function of the acidocalcisome, a lysosome-related organelle characterized by acidic pH and large content of Ca(2+) and polyphosphates, in(More)
The African trypanosome Trypanosoma brucei is the cause of sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana in animals. Here we report that semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidases (SSAOs), enzymes that are abound in T. brucei mammal hosts, eliminate trypanosomes by oxidation of its substrate in vitro. SSAO and its endogenous substrate methylamine are not toxic to T.(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic cellular process required to maintain protein synthesis, energy production and other essential activities in starved cells. While the exact nutrient sensor(s) is yet to be identified, deprivation of amino acids, glucose, growth factor and other nutrients can serve as metabolic stimuli to initiate autophagy in higher eukaryotes. In(More)