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A novel genome-wide screen that combines patient outcome analysis with array comparative genomic hybridization and mRNA expression profiling was developed to identify genes with copy number alterations, aberrant mRNA expression, and relevance to survival in glioblastoma. The method led to the discovery of physical gene clusters within the cancer genome with(More)
Phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor that is lost in many human tumors and encodes a phosphatidylinositol phosphate phosphatase specific for the 3-position of the inositol ring. Here we report a novel mechanism of PTEN regulation. Binding of di-C8-phosphatidylinositol 4,5-P2 (PI(4,5)P2) to PTEN enhances(More)
BACKGROUND Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a preferred therapy for major depressive disorder. Intravenous propofol, a sedative and hypnotic agent, is one of the choices of anesthetic for ECT. Ketamine, another anesthetic agent, providing sedation, amnesia, and analgesia, can also be used in patients undergoing ECT owing to its rapid action and persistent(More)
Punicalagin (2,3,hexahydroxydiphenoyl-gallagyl-d-glucose and referred to as PUN) is a bioactive ellagitannin isolated from pomegranate, which is widely used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), diarrhea, and ulcers in Chinese traditional medicine. In this study, we detected the anti-inflammation potentials of PUN in lipopolysaccharide(More)
Insulin resistance is a fundamental pathogenic factor present in various metabolic disorders including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although skeletal muscle accounts for 70-90% of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, the mechanism underlying muscle insulin resistance is poorly understood. Here we show in mice that muscle-specific mitsugumin 53 (MG53; also(More)
PTEN is a lipid phosphatase, and PTEN mutations are associated with gliomas, macrocephaly, and mental deficiencies. We have used PTEN +/- mice to assess PTEN's role in subventricular zone (SVZ) precursor cells. For cultured SVZ neurosphere cells, haploinsufficiency for PTEN increases phosphorylation of Akt and forkhead transcription factor and slightly(More)
Caffeic acid possesses multiple biological effects, such as antibacterial, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticancer growth; however, what effects it has on bovine mastitis have not been investigated. The aim of this study was to verify the antiinflammatory properties of caffeic acid on the inflammatory response of primary bovine mammary epithelial(More)
Our previous studies found small intestine epithelial tissues from several different animals (including rats, pigs and chickens) became significantly damaged following exposure to extreme heat. However, damaged tissue was rapidly repaired or regenerated in the following few days. Growth-related molecules are critical for cellular survival and promote(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) C595 alone and in combination with docetaxel, on the growth and survival of different epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell lines. MUC1 expression was assessed on EOC cell lines (OVCAR-3, IGROV-1, A2780, CAOV-3, TOV-21G, TOV-112D, SKOV-3 and OV-90) using(More)
BACKGROUND MUC1 is associated with cellular transformation and tumorigenicity and is considered as an important tumor-associated antigen (TAA) for cancer therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the patterns of MUC1 expression in primary tumors and metastatic lesions in the advanced stages of epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) and correlate the(More)