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Changes in oxygen concentrations affect many of the innate characteristics of stem and progenitor cells. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were maintained under hypoxic atmospheres (2% O(2)) for up to seven in vitro passages. This resulted in approximately 30-fold higher hMSC expansion over 6 weeks without loss of multi-lineage differentiation(More)
Low oxygen tension is thought to be an integral component of the human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) native bone marrow microenvironment. HMSC were cultured under physiologically relevant oxygen environments (2% O2) in three-dimensional (3D) constructs for up to 1 month in order to investigate the combined effects of chronic hypoxia and 3D architecture on(More)
Shear stress is an important biomechanical parameter in regulating human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) construct development. In this study, the biomechanical characteristics of hMSCs within highly porous 3-D poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) matrices in a perfusion bioreactor system were analyzed for two flow rates of 0.1 and 1.5 mL/min, respectively over(More)
Peripheral modulation of wind-up enhancement induced by peripheral tissue injury is investigated in rat spinal wide-dynamic-range (WDR) neurons. After subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of melittin, a pain-related peptidergic component separated from bee venom, the responsiveness of spinal cord WDR neuron to repeated suprathreshold (1.5T, the intensity(More)
Metallic stents are used to promote revascularization and maintain patency of plaqued or damaged arteries following balloon angioplasty. To mitigate the long-term side effects associated with corrosion-resistant stents (i.e., chronic inflammation and late stage thrombosis), a new generation of so-called "bioabsorbable" stents is currently being developed.(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have great potential for therapeutic applications. A bioreactor system that supports long-term hMSCs growth and three-dimensional (3-D) tissue formation is an important technology for hMSC tissue engineering. A 3-D perfusion bioreactor system was designed using non-woven poly (ethylene terepthalate) (PET) fibrous(More)
Tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) sodium channels Na(V)1.8 and Na(V)1.9 in sensory neurons were known as key pain modulators. Comparing with the widely reported Na(V)1.8, roles of Na(V)1.9 on inflammatory pain are poorly studied by antisense-induced specific gene knockdown. Here, we used molecular, electrophysiological and behavioral methods to examine the(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) developed in three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds are significantly affected by culture conditions. We hypothesized that the hydrodynamic forces generated in perfusion bioreactors significantly affected hMSC functionality in 3D scaffolds by shaping the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. In this study, hMSCs were grown in(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have great potential in bone tissue engineering, and hydroxyapatite (HA), a natural component of human hard tissues, is believed to support hMSC growth and osteogenic differentiation. In this study, two types of biomimetic composite materials, chitosan-gelatin (CG) and hydroxyapatite/chitosan-gelatin (HCG), were(More)
Harnessing the adaptive immune response to treat malignancy is now a clinical reality. Several strategies are used to treat melanoma; however, very few result in a complete response. CD4(+) T cells are important and potent mediators of anti-tumor immunity and adoptive transfer of specific CD4(+) T cells can promote tumor regression in mice and patients.(More)