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Transient changes in cardiovascular regulatory activities are valuable for clinical monitoring and pathophysiological research. However, there is a lack of effective methods to evaluate short-term cardiovascular regulation. This study explores a photoplethysmography (PPG)-based multi-parameter analytical approach using the period, amplitude and baseline of(More)
Bioinspired special wettibilities including superhydrophobicity and tunable adhesive force have drawn considerable attention because of their significant potential for fundamental research and practical applications. This review summarizes recent progress in the development of bioinspired wetting surfaces via laser microfabrication, with a focus on(More)
Osteoporosis is a serious health problem worldwide and leads to a significant burden on society. Unfortunately, efforts to control osteoporosis are largely unsuccessful. Lowering an individual's risk for osteoporosis must focus not only on treatment but also on modification of risk factors. One of the common risk factors is smoking tobacco. Here, we review(More)
A fast and single-step process is developed for the fabrication of low-cost, high-quality, and large-area concave microlens arrays (MLAs) by the high-speed line-scanning of femtosecond laser pulses. Each concave microlens can be generated by a single laser pulse, and over 2.78 million microlenses were fabricated on a 2 × 2 cm(2) polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)(More)
We present a facile fabrication process to directly fabricate cone-shaped microwells arrays on single crystal Y<sub>3</sub>Al<sub>5</sub>O<sub>12</sub>:Ce<sup>3+</sup> (YAG:Ce) ceramic phosphor platelets (CPPs) by short-pulse laser direct patterning. Compared to unpatterned YAG:Ce CPP with smooth surface, the forward-to-total ratio of emission photons of(More)
The creation of complex three-dimensional (3D) microcoils has attracted significant attention from both scientific and applied research communities. However, it still remains challenging to build 3D microcoils with arbitrary configurations using conventional planar lithographic fabrication methods. This Letter presents a new facile method based on an(More)
Materials with curvilinear surface microstructures are highly desirable for micro-optical and biomedical devices. However, realization of such devices efficiently remains technically challenging. This paper demonstrates a facile and flexible method to fabricate curvilinear microstructures with controllable shapes and dimensions. The method composes of(More)
Polystyrene sphere was chosen as a catalyst to fabricate indium-tin-oxide (ITO) nanowires (NWs) with a low-temperature (280-300 °C) electron-beam deposition process, bearing high purity. The ITO NWs with diameter of 20-50 nm and length of ~2 um were obtained. X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscope show high crystal quality.(More)
In this paper, a novel array of quasi-three-dimensional (quasi-3D) bowtie nanoantennas has been investigated numerically and experimentally. A low-cost and facile method has been designed and implemented to fabricate the quasi-3D bowtie nanoantennas. The fabrication processes containing laser patterning and wet etching have demonstrated the advantages of(More)
This paper dedicated to research the influence of education investment on regional income disparity in China, and propose measures to reduce the regional income disparity. By using some basic statistics to measure the regional income disparity and regional education investment disparity in recent years, we found that regional income disparity problem do(More)