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a r t i c l e i n f o A hydration kinetics model for Portland cement is formulated based on thermodynamics of multiphase porous media. The mechanism of cement hydration is discussed based on literature review. The model is then developed considering the effects of chemical composition and fineness of cement, water–cement ratio, curing temperature and(More)
A new use of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) in fluid simulation is presented: an algorithm solving the Helmholtz-Hodge decomposition using SPH in order to find the null divergence velocity field for incompressible flow simulation. Accordingly, a new version of the Laplacian for a vector field is proposed here. In order to improve the accuracy of the(More)
Kernel number per spike is one of the most important yield components of wheat. To map QTLs related to kernel number including spike length (SPL), spikelet number per spike (SPN), fertile spikelet number (FSPN), sterile spikelet number (SSPN) and compactness, and to characterize the inheritance modes of the QTLs and two-locus interactions, 136 recombinant(More)
A multiple-frequency inverse scattering method that uses eigenfunctions of a scattering operator is extended to image large-scale and high-contrast objects. The extension uses an estimate of the scattering object to form the difference between the scattering by the object and the scattering by the estimate of the object. The scattering potential defined by(More)
In traditional optics, the focal spot size of a conventional lens is restricted to the diffraction limit 0.5λ/NA, where λ is the wavelength in vacuum and NA is the numerical aperture of the lens. Recently, various sub-diffraction focusing optical devices have been demonstrated, but they usually have short focal length and high numerical aperture. Moreover,(More)
The strain rate effect of reinforcing steel bars is generally indispensable for modeling the dynamic responses of reinforced concrete structures in blast and impact events. A systematic experimental investigation was conducted on the strain rate behavior of reinforcing steel bar grades HPB235, HRB335, HRB400, and HRB500 which are widely used in the field of(More)
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