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ÐExisting vectorization systems for engineering drawings usually take a two-phase workflow: convert a raster image to raw vectors and recognize graphic objects from the raw vectors. The first phase usually separates a ground truth graphic object that intersects or touches other graphic objects into several parts, thus, the second phase faces the difficulty(More)
Analysis and classification of auditory scenes or contexts play important roles in content-based indexing and retrieval of multimedia databases and context-aware applications. In this paper, we propose an environmental sound and auditory scene recognition scheme that focuses on efficient feature representation and classfication of the unstructured(More)
Reversion loss is analyzed in details. A 2X crossII. REVERSIoN Loss coupled charge pump in a 0.35g CMOS process is designed using a gate control strategy that eliminates reversion loss. It The efficiency of a charge pump is: switches at lMHz, delivers a current of 3OmA, and reaches an E_out Eout efficiency of 95% for an input voltage of 1V to 1.6V. EBn Eout(More)
Content retrieval of scanned line drawing images is a difficult problem, especially from real-life large scale databases. Existing algorithms don’t work well due to their low efficiency by first recognizing various types of graphical primitives and then content-oriented texts. A new method for directly detecting texts from line drawing images is proposed in(More)
Spectroscopic tools such as NMR can be applied to the quantitative analysis of active pharmaceutical ingredients with relative ease and accuracy. Here, we demonstrate the quantification of clindamycin phosphate (CLP) in a conventional tablet formulation, performed using potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP) as the internal standard and deuterium oxide (D2O) as(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We investigated the real-world effectiveness of sofosbuvir, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, and paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir and dasabuvir (PrOD) in treatment of different subgroups of patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 1, 2, 3, or 4. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 17,487 patients with HCV(More)