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The molecular mechanisms underlying directed motility of growth cones have not been determined. The role of myosin-V, an unconventional myosin, in growth cone dynamics was examined by chromophore-assisted laser inactivation (CALI). CALI of purified chick brain myosin-V absorbed onto nitrocellulose-coated cover slips inhibited the ability of myosin-V to(More)
We examined the steady-state distribution and axonal transport of neurofilament (NF) subunits within growing axonal neurites of NB2a/d1 cells. Ultrastructural analyses demonstrated a longitudinally oriented "bundle" of closely apposed NFs that was surrounded by more widely spaced individual NFs. NF bundles were recovered during fractionation and could be(More)
Axonal maturation in situ is accompanied by the transition of neurofilaments (NFs) comprised of only NF-M and NF-L to those also containing NF-H. Since NF-H participates in interactions of NFs with each other and with other cytoskeletal constituents, its appearance represents a critical event in the stabilization of axons that accompanies their maturation.(More)
Filopodial motility is critical for many biological processes, particularly for axon guidance. This motility is based on altering the F-actin-based cytoskeleton, but the mechanisms of how this occurs and the actin-associated proteins that function in this process remain unclear. We investigated two of these proteins found in filopodia, talin and vinculin,(More)
The formation of neurocircuitry depends on the control of neurite outgrowth that, in turn, can be divided into two processes: nerve growth cone protrusion and neurite extension. It has long been known that the neural cell adhesion molecules L1 and NCAM-180 promote neurite outgrowth, but how they function in growth cones is unclear. We addressed the roles of(More)
BACKGROUND Public health officials of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) of China requested a survey of blindness, eye diseases, and eye care service utilisation to assist the development of a 10 year blindness prevention and treatment plan. The objective of the survey was to determine the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment, as well as cataract(More)
The purposes were to show that pentobarbital administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) antagonized the antinociceptive action of morphine given intrathecally in the tail-flick test in mice, determine whether this antagonistic action involved spinal release of dynorphin A (Dyn A) and demonstrate whether the mechanism involved gamma-aminobutyric acid(More)
Since there are several endogenous morphine-like substances differing in distribution and probably also in function, it seems necessary to study their roles in acupuncture analgesia separately. Therefore we set up a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for met- and leu-enkephalin, and employ it in determining the changes of enkephalin contents in(More)
BACKGROUND The wide use of Affymetrix microarray in broadened fields of biological research has made the probeset annotation an important issue. Standard Affymetrix probeset annotation is at gene level, i.e. a probeset is precisely linked to a gene, and probeset intensity is interpreted as gene expression. The increased knowledge that one gene may have(More)
  • K H Cohn, F S Wang, F Desoto-LaPaix, W B Solomon, L G Patterson, M R Arnold +4 others
  • 1991
A prospective study analysed the prognostic value of nm23-H1 allelic deletions in colorectal cancer. Of 21 patients with no evidence of distant metastases at initial operation, 11 showed nm23-H1 allelic deletions (including 1 homozygous deletion); 10 had no nm23-H1 deletions. After median follow-up of 25 months, distant metastases had developed in 8 of 11(More)