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Protein-protein interactions are essential for the assembly, regulation, and localization of functional protein complexes in the cell. SAM domains are among the most abundant protein-protein interaction motifs in organisms from yeast to humans. Although SAM domains adopt similar folds, they are remarkably versatile in their binding properties. Some(More)
Telomerase is responsible for replication of the ends of linear chromosomes in most eukaryotes. Its intrinsic RNA subunit provides the template for synthesis of telomeric DNA by the reverse-transcriptase (TERT) subunit and tethers other proteins into the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex. We report that a phylogenetically conserved triple helix within a(More)
Cardiac and respiratory motion artefacts in PET imaging have been traditionally resolved by acquiring the data in gated mode. However, gated PET images are usually characterized by high noise content due to their low photon statistics. In this paper, we present a novel 4D model for the PET imaging system, which can incorporate motion information to generate(More)
There has been little study of how the evolution of chemoresistance in cancer affects other aspects of disease pathogenesis. Here, we show that an important chemoresistance axis driven by cytidine deaminase (CDA) also acts to suppress cell-cycle progression by regulating cyclin E-CDK2 signaling. We found that CDA was regulated by miR-484 in a(More)
During Drosophila melanogaster eye development, signaling through receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) leads to activation of a mitogen activated protein tyrosine kinase, called Rolled. Key nuclear targets of Rolled are two antagonistic transcription factors: Yan, a repressor, and Pointed-P2 (Pnt-P2), an activator. A critical regulator of this process, Mae, can(More)
Yan, an ETS family transcriptional repressor, is regulated by receptor tyrosine kinase signaling via the Ras/MAPK pathway. Phosphorylation and downregulation of Yan is facilitated by a protein called Mae. Yan and Mae interact through their SAM domains. We find that repression by Yan requires the formation of a higher order structure mediated by Yan-SAM(More)
The diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) enzymes function as regulators of intracellular signaling by altering the levels of the second messengers, diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid. The DGK delta and eta isozymes possess a common protein-protein interaction module known as a sterile alpha-motif (SAM) domain. In DGK delta, SAM domain self-association inhibits the(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to prepare a novel asymmetric chitosan guided bone regeneration (GBR) membrane, which is composed of a dense layer isolating the bone defect from the invasion of surrounding connective fibrous tissue and a loose layer which can improve cell adhesion and stabilize blood clots, thus guided bone regeneration. (More)
GA 20-oxidase (GA20ox) is a regulatory enzyme for the syntheses of biologically active GAs in plants. The loss-of-function mutations in OsGA20ox2 of rice (Oryza sativa L.) generate the well-known Green Revolution gene sd-1, which cause the semi-dwarfism phenotype. In our present investigation, semi-dwarf plants were generated from a taller rice variety QX1(More)
Telomeres are nucleoprotein complexes comprising telomeric DNA repeats bound by the multiprotein shelterin complex. A dynamic binary switch between telomerase-extendible and telomerase-nonextendible telomeric states determines telomere length homeostasis. However, the molecular nature of the nonextendible state is largely unknown. Here, we show that, in(More)