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In the present study, experiments were performed to explore the action of quercetin, the most widely distributed flavonoids, and its major metabolite, quercetin-3'-sulfate, on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in BV-2 microglia. Quercetin could suppress LPS- and IFN-gamma-induced NO production(More)
1. Although capsaicin analogs might be a potential strategy to manipulate inflammation, the mechanism is still unclear. In this study, the effects and action mechanisms of vanilloid analogs on iNOS and COX-2 expression were investigated in RAW264.7 macrophages. 2. Capsaicin and resiniferatoxin (RTX) can inhibit LPS- and IFN-gamma-mediated NO production, and(More)
Recent studies suggest AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an enzyme involved in energy homeostasis, might be a novel signaling pathway in regulating inflammatory response, but the precise intracellular mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study, we have demonstrated that 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside (AICAR), an activator of AMPK,(More)
Regulation of intracellular protein stability by the ubiquitin-dependent proteasome system plays a crucial role in cell function. HO-1 (haem oxygenase) is a stress response protein, which confers cytoprotection against oxidative injury and provides a vital function in maintaining tissue homoeostasis. In the present study, we found a novel action of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the De-Qi sensations of acupuncture (sourness-distension and distension-numbness) stimulation. Fifty-two healthy medical student volunteers were given acupuncture at the Hoku (LI-4) acupoint as they were resting. During a test that lasted 30 minutes, their skin blood flow was measured at the Quchi(More)
TL1A is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily and plays an important role in regulating endothelial cell apoptosis. A previous study shows TL1A is able to interact with death receptor 3 and decoy receptor 3 (DcR3). Here, we demonstrate that DcR3 is able to induce angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). DcR3 promotes(More)
Testicular orphan nuclear receptor 4 (TR4) is an orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily with diverse physiological functions. Using TR4 knockout (TR4(-/-)) mice to study its function in cardiovascular diseases, we found reduced cluster of differentiation (CD)36 expression with reduced foam cell formation in TR4(-/-) mice. Mechanistic dissection(More)
Oregonin isolated from Alnus formosana is a diarylheptanoid derivative, which appears to have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, our data demonstrated inhibitory actions of oregonin on the LPS-induced iNOS protein in RAW264.7 macrophages and BV-2 microglial cells. We also suggested that HO-1 induction by oregonin might contribute(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a critical signaling molecule for regulating energy homeostasis, might bi-directionally regulate inflammation, and its action mechanism leading to inflammation is not fully understood. We utilized 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside (AICAR) as a pharmacological activator of AMPK to unveil the effects of and signaling(More)
Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), a soluble receptor for FasL, LIGHT and TL1A, is highly expressed in cancer cells. We show that pretreatment of HUVECs with DcR3 enhances the adhesion of THP-1 and U937 cells and primary monocytes. A similar stimulatory effect of DcR3 on THP-1 adhesion was also observed in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs). Flow(More)