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Aseptic loosening after total joint arthroplasty is a major problem in orthopedic surgery. Small particles from material wear have been reported as the main cause of implant failure. For this reason, investigation into possible wear particles from the materials used in the implant may lead to longevity after arthroplasty. Hydroxyapatite (HA) has been(More)
Ultrasound has many medical applications. Previous animal and clinical studies have clearly shown a positive effect of ultrasound on the rate of osseous repair. The present in vitro study was designed to elucidate the specific response of bony tissue to ultrasound treatment. Bilateral femora were obtained from 36 mature male Wistar rats. A bone defect was(More)
Over the past decade, a large number of biomaterials have been proposed as artificial bone fillers for repairing bone defects. The material most widely used in clinical medicine is hydroxyapatite. The aim of our investigation was to study the effect of hydroxyapatite size mechanism on osteoblasts. The osteoblasts were cultured in vitro with 0.1% (1 mg/mL)(More)
In this study, zeolite Na-P and Na-Y was prepared by hydrothermal treatment of the Chinese natural clinoptilolite with NaOH. The ion exchange of NH4+ into the three zeolites in the temperature range of 288-333K was also investigated, and the thermodynamic parameters were calculated. The selectivity sequence for NH4+ entering the sodium form of the three(More)
With advances in ceramics technology, calcium phosphate bioceramics have been applied as bone substitutes for several decades. The focus of this work is to elucidate the biocompatibility of the particulates of various calcium phosphate cytotoxicities. Four different kinds of calcium phosphate powders, including beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP),(More)
In this study, the calcined bovine bone (CBB)-removing the organic substance by a burning process-with addition of different quantities of ammonium phosphate [(NH(4))(2)HPO(4)] (AP) was heated to a high temperature to transform its crystalline phase constitution from hydroxyapatite (HAP) into a tricalcium phosphate (TCP)/HAP biphasic structure. Results(More)
The cytotoxicity of the synthetic bone substitute composed of tricalcium phosphate and glutaraldehyde crosslinked gelatin (GTG) were evaluated by osteoblast cell culture. In a previous study, the GTG composites were soaked in distilled water for 1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 28, and 42 days, and then the solutions (or extracts) were cocultured with osteoblasts to(More)
A newly produced bioceramic, beta-Ca2P2O7 with addition of Na4P2O7.10H2O (SDCP), has been implanted into the femoral condyle of rabbits. Within 6 weeks after implantation, most of the bioceramic is replaced by new woven bone. On the contrary, block from hydroxyapatite (HA) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP), which are osteoconductible, do not resorb(More)
Although techniques for repairing root fracture have been proposed, the prognosis is generally poor. If the fusion of a root fracture by laser is possible, it will offer an alternative to extraction. Our group has attempted to use lasers to fuse a low melting-point bioactive glass to fractured dentin. This report is focused on the phase, compositional, and(More)
In this paper, the decomposition and reconstruction behavior of hydroxyapatite (HAP) during heating and cooling in air atmosphere were studied. The commercial HAP were chosen and gradually heated to 1500 degrees C and cooled to room temperature by a program controlled SiC heated furnace. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR)(More)