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This paper examines the tone and content of the forward-looking statements (FLS) in the Management Discussion and Analysis section (MD&A) of corporate 10-K and 10-Q filings using a Na¨ıve Bayesian machine learning algorithm. I first manually categorize 30,000 sentences of randomly-selected FLS extracted from the MD&As along two dimensions: (1) tone (i.e.,(More)
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a growing body of research on cloud computing, by studying the small to medium-sized enterprise (SME) adoption process. If SMEs have access to scalable technologies they could potentially deliver products and services that in the past only large enterprises could deliver, flattening the competitive(More)
The spread of culture and language in human populations is explained by two alternative models: the demic diffusion model, which involves mass movement of people; and the cultural diffusion model, which refers to cultural impact between populations and involves limited genetic exchange between them. The mechanism of the peopling of Europe has long been(More)
Real-time search dictates that new contents be made available for search immediately following their creation. From the database perspective, this requirement may be quite easily met by creating an up-to-date index for the contents and measuring search quality by the time gap between insertion time and availability of the index. This approach, however,(More)
Viruses are obligate, intracellular pathogens that must manipulate and exploit host molecular mechanisms to prosper in the hostile cellular environment. Here we review the strategies used by viruses to evade the immunity controlled by 21- to 26-nt small RNAs. Viral suppressors of RNA silencing (VSRs) are encoded by genetically diverse viruses infecting(More)
Low-dose helical computed tomography (LDCT) is being applied as a modality for lung cancer screening. It may be difficult, however, for radiologists to distinguish malignant from benign nodules in LDCT. Our purpose in this study was to develop a computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) scheme for distinction between benign and malignant nodules in LDCT scans by use(More)
Hmong-Mien (H-M) is a major language family in East Asia, and its speakers distribute primarily in southern China and Southeast Asia. To date, genetic studies on H-M speaking populations are virtually absent in the literature. In this report, we present the results of an analysis of genetic variations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) hypervariable segment 1(More)
Content-based service, which dynamically routes and delivers events from sources to interested users, is extremely important to network services. However, existing content-based protocols for static networks will incur unaffordable maintenance costs if they are applied directly to the highly mobile environment that is featured in disruption-tolerant(More)
MapReduce has been widely recognized as an efficient tool for large-scale data analysis. It achieves high performance by exploiting parallelism among processing nodes while providing a simple interface for upper-layer applications. Some vendors have enhanced their data warehouse systems by integrating MapReduce into the systems. However, existing(More)