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Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a prevalent hereditary cardiac disorder linked to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. While the causes of HCM have been identified as genetic mutations in the cardiac sarcomere, the pathways by which sarcomeric mutations engender myocyte hypertrophy and electrophysiological abnormalities are not understood. To(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiotoxicity is a leading cause for drug attrition during pharmaceutical development and has resulted in numerous preventable patient deaths. Incidents of adverse cardiac drug reactions are more common in patients with preexisting heart disease than the general population. Here we generated a library of human induced pluripotent stem(More)
S3 C ardiac toxicity is a major cause of drug attrition during preclinical development. In addition, the risk of drug-induced arrhythmia is the most common cause of restriction or withdrawal of drugs from the market. 3 Between 1990 and 2001, 8 noncardiovascular drugs were withdrawn at an estimated cost of $12 billion as a result of problems such as delayed(More)
Existing methods for human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) cardiac differentiation are efficient but require complex, undefined medium constituents that hinder further elucidation of the molecular mechanisms of cardiomyogenesis. Using hiPSCs derived under chemically defined conditions on synthetic matrices, we systematically developed an optimized(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to demonstrate the enhancement of human cardiac progenitor cell (hCPC) reparative and regenerative potential by genetic modification for the treatment of myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND Regenerative potential of stem cells to repair acute infarction is limited. Improved hCPC survival, proliferation, and(More)
BACKGROUND Although stem cell therapy has provided a promising treatment for myocardial infarction, the low survival of the transplanted cells in the infarcted myocardium is possibly a primary reason for failure of long-term improvement. Therefore, the development of novel prosurvival strategies to boost stem cell survival will be of significant benefit to(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor c-Met are widely expressed in the developing and adult brain. However, little is known about the role of HGF during the development of the human dopaminergic neuronal system. We have established telomerase-immortalized dopaminergic progenitor cells isolated from the fetal striatum that express markers for(More)
BACKGROUND Human cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs) are a promising cell source for regenerative repair after myocardial infarction. Exploitation of their full therapeutic potential may require stable genetic modification of the cells ex vivo. Safe genetic engineering of stem cells, using facile methods for site-specific integration of transgenes into known(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely accepted that T helper 2 (Th2) cells, Th17 cells and their cytokines orchestrate the feature of asthma. However, most of studies on asthma mechanisms use a single allergen challenge model. Actually, humans are concurrently exposed to various allergens, and the mechanism of asthma with complex allergen exposure is less well defined.(More)