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Mild head trauma can cause cerebral infarction in children younger than 18 months of age, yet the pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, and risk factors are not fully understood. Data of 16 cases between August 2008 and September 2011, including clinical manifestations and imaging and laboratory findings were collected and analyzed. All patients had the(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a neuroprotective cytokine that is necessary for the normal development of astrocytes. Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) can induce astrocyte proliferation by increasing hypoxia-inducible factor alpha (HIF-1alpha) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Here, we studied whether LIF affects the proliferation of(More)
This study investigates how two competing capital structure theories: the pecking order and the static trade-off models, impact financing decisions in multinational inter-and intra-firm innovation collaborations. The results show that for the pecking order model, debt repayment, working capital, capital expenditure and operating cash flow are the main(More)
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