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Cerebellar long-term depression (LTD) is a model system for neuronal information storage that has an absolute requirement for activation of protein kinase C (PKC). It has been claimed to underlie several forms of cerebellar motor learning. Previous studies using various knockout mice (mGluR1, GluRdelta2, glial fibrillary acidic protein) have supported this(More)
Pregabalin is a synthetic amino acid compound effective in clinical trials for the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, generalized anxiety disorder and adjunctive therapy for partial seizures of epilepsy. However, the mechanisms by which pregabalin exerts its therapeutic effects are not yet completely understood. In vitro(More)
Many neurodegenerative diseases are associated with the abnormal sequestration of disease-specific proteins in the brain, but the events that initiate this process remain unclear. To determine whether the deposition of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta), a key pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), can be induced in vivo, we infused dilute(More)
Transgenic mice (Tg2576) overexpressing human beta-amyloid precursor protein with the Swedish mutation (APP695SWE) develop Alzheimer's disease-like amyloid beta protein (Abeta) deposits by 8 to 10 months of age. These mice show elevated levels of Abeta40 and Abeta42, as well as an age-related increase in diffuse and compact senile plaques in the brain.(More)
A key commonality of most age-related neurodegenerative diseases is the accumulation of aggregation-prone proteins in the brain. Except for the prionoses, the initiation and propagation of these proteopathies in vivo remains poorly understood. In a previous study, we found that the deposition of the amyloidogenic peptide Abeta can be induced by injection of(More)
Pregabalin, a synthetic branched chain γ-amino acid with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, and analgesic activities, has been shown to bind with high affinity to the voltage-gated calcium channel α(2)δ subunit. Given the broad therapeutic utility of pregabalin, a series of experiments was undertaken to determine the potency, selectivity, and specificity of(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles, one of the pathologic hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), are composed of abnormally polymerized tau protein. The hyperphosphorylation of tau alters its normal cellular function and is thought to promote the formation of neurofibrillary tangles. Growing evidence suggests that cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) plays a role in tau(More)
Pcp2(L7) is a Purkinje cell-specific GoLoco domain protein that modulates activation of Galphai/o proteins by G protein-coupled receptors. A likely downstream effector of this pathway is the P-type Ca(2+) channel, and thereby, the intrinsic electrophysiology of Purkinje cells could be modulated by Pcp2(L7). It has long been known that the Pcp2(L7) mRNA is(More)
Protein misfolding and aberrant polymerization are salient features of virtually all central neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease, triplet repeat disorders, tauopathies, and prion diseases. In many instances, a single amino acid change can predispose to disease by increasing the production and/or changing the(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) plays a critical role in oocyte meiotic maturation. However, the source of cAMP surge prior to maturation and the direction of gap junction-dependent cAMP movement are unclear. In this study, inhibition of gap junctional communication (GJC) using carbenoxolone (3.5 h) induced meiotic resumption in ~90% of follicle-enclosed oocytes (FEOs).(More)
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