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We describe here a multiplexed protein quantitation strategy that provides relative and absolute measurements of proteins in complex mixtures. At the core of this methodology is a multiplexed set of isobaric reagents that yield amine-derivatized peptides. The derivatized peptides are indistinguishable in MS, but exhibit intense low-mass MS/MS signature ions(More)
Nonsense mutations promote premature translational termination and cause anywhere from 5-70% of the individual cases of most inherited diseases. Studies on nonsense-mediated cystic fibrosis have indicated that boosting specific protein synthesis from <1% to as little as 5% of normal levels may greatly reduce the severity or eliminate the principal(More)
Transcripts regulated by the yeast nonsense-mediated and 5' to 3' mRNA decay pathways were identified by expression profiling of wild-type, upf1Delta, nmd2Delta, upf3Delta, dcp1Delta, and xrn1Delta cells. This analysis revealed that inactivation of Upf1p, Nmd2p, or Upf3p has identical effects on global RNA accumulation; inactivation of Dcp1p or Xrn1p(More)
The covariation of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) concentration and temperature in Antarctic ice-core records suggests a close link between CO(2) and climate during the Pleistocene ice ages. The role and relative importance of CO(2) in producing these climate changes remains unclear, however, in part because the ice-core deuterium record reflects local rather than(More)
Dechlorination of TCE and PCBs using bimetallic nanoparticles has received increasing interest in recent years. However, due to the extremely high reactivity, nanoparticles prepared using current methods tend to either react with surrounding media or agglomerate, resulting in the formation of much larger flocs and significant loss in reactivity. To overcome(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the presence of cortical amyloid-beta (Aβ) protein plaques, which result from the sequential action of β-secretase and γ-secretase on amyloid precursor protein. Semagacestat is a small-molecule γ-secretase inhibitor that was developed as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease. METHODS We conducted(More)
Zerovalent iron (ZVI) nanoparticles of various sizes were synthesized by applying various types of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as a stabilizer. At an initial Fe2+ concentration of 0.1 g/L and with 0.2% (w/w) of CMC (Mr = 90 000), nanoparticles with a hydrodynamic diameter of 18.6 nm were obtained. Smaller nanoparticles were obtained as the CMC/Fe2+ molar(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) results in better cognitive function. DESIGN Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Participants were randomized to therapeutic CPAP for 6 weeks or placebo CPAP for 3 weeks followed(More)
OBJECTIVE The concept of symptom clusters is relatively new in cancer patients' symptom management. This study, which spanned four cycles of chemotherapy, combined three commonly seen pre-treatment symptoms in cancer patients (i.e. sleep disturbances, fatigue and depression) into one symptom cluster, to explore the associations between pre-treatment cluster(More)
Although Arabic is currently one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, there has been relatively little speech recognition research on Arabic compared to other languages. Moreover, most previous work has concentrated on the recognition of formal rather than dialectal Arabic. This paper reports on our project at the 2002 Johns Hopkins Summer(More)