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BACKGROUND In the international randomised phase 3 CORRECT trial (NCT01103323), regorafenib significantly improved overall survival versus placebo in patients with treatment-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer. Of the 760 patients in CORRECT, 111 were Asian (mostly Japanese). This phase 3 trial was done to assess regorafenib in a broader population of(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer-related death. FOLFOX is the most common regimen used in the first-line chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer, but only half of the patients respond to this regimen and we have almost no clue in predicting resistance in such first-line(More)
In this paper, a novel joint sparse representation-based image fusion method is proposed. Since the sensors observe related phenomena, the source images are expected to possess common and innovation features. We use sparse coefficients as image features. The source image is represented with the common and innovation sparse coefficients by joint sparse(More)
The aim of the present study was to ascertain whether plasma levels of specific microRNAs (miRNAs) are associated with distant metastasis (DM) in gastric cancer (GC). miRNA profiling was performed on 12 pairs of samples of gastric cancer with distant metastasis (GC/DM) and gastric cancer with no distant metastasis (GC/NDM); 14 differentially expressed(More)
miRNAs have emerged as post-transcriptional regulators that are critically involved in the pathogenesis of a number of human cancers. Cdc42, one of the best characterized members of the Rho GTPase family, is found to be up-regulated in several types of human tumors and has been implicated in cancer initiation and progression. In the present study, we have(More)
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide, with a high rate of death and low 5-year survival rate. To date, there is a lack of efficient therapeutic protocols for gastric cancer. Recent studies suggest that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor initiation, invasion, metastasis, and resistance to anticancer therapies. Thus,(More)
To prevent in vivo degradation, small peptides are usually expressed in fusion proteins from which target peptides can be released by proteolytic or chemical reagents. In this report, small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) linked with a hexa-histidine tag was used as a fusion partner for the production of recombinant human urodilatin, a hormone for the(More)
620 Background: There is no standard chemotherapeutic regimen for patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) progressing after combination regimens including irinotecan and oxaliplatin and having good performance status. 5-FU and gemcitabine are synergistic in preclinical studies of colon cancer cells. And gemcitabine also increases intracellular(More)
Nesfatin-1 is recently reported as a satiety molecule to suppress food intake via the melanocortin signaling in hypothalamus when injected centrally and peripherally. Here we report that nesfatin-1 is also anti-hyperglycemic. It was found that the intravenous injection of nesfatin-1 significantly reduced blood glucose in hyperglycemic db/db mice. This(More)
Although Rho family GTPases RhoA, RhoB and RhoC share more than 85% amino acid sequence identity, they may play distinct roles in tumor progression. RhoA and RhoC have been suggested to have positive effects on tumor progression, but the role of RhoB in cancer, particularly in gastric cancer, remains unclear. In our study, we have examined the expression(More)