Learn More
These studies explored the hypothesis that angiotensin II increases bicarbonate absorption in the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) by decreasing intracellular cAMP. In vivo microperfusion was performed in rat PCT with measurements of bicarbonate absorption and of tubular fluid cAMP delivery, as a reflection of intracellular cAMP. Intravenous angiotensin II(More)
Physiologic concentrations of angiotensin II stimulate sodium transport by intestinal and renal early (S1) and late (S2) proximal tubule epithelial cells. We recently found that hydrogen ion secretion, which effects sodium bicarbonate absorption, was a transport function preferentially and potently increased by angiotensin II in S1 cells. S1 cells are(More)
Using in vivo microperfusion in the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) of the Munich-Wistar rat, we investigated the impact of varying protein kinase C (PKC) activity on the rate of bicarbonate reabsorption and on its regulation by angiotensin II. Activation of PKC with luminal perfusion of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 5 x 10(-7) M) caused(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Recently, the theory of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has presented new targets and orientations for tumor therapy. The major difficulties in researching CSCs include their isolation and purification. The aim of this study is to identify and characterize the side population (SP) cells in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell line H446,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the nephrotoxicity of high- and low-osmolar contrast media (HOCM, LOCM) on kidneys in Sprague-Dawley rats. The protective role of amlodipine was studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty rats of both sexes were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=8/group) and glycerine for inducing renal failure was given to all rats except controls. RESULTS(More)
The early proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) is the site of 50% of bicarbonate reabsorption in the nephron, but its control by angiotensin II has not been previously studied. In vivo microperfusion was used in both the early and late PCT in Munich-Wistar rats. Systemic angiotensin II administration (20 ng/kg X min) or inhibition of endogenous angiotensin II(More)
To measure simultaneously the concentration profiles of bicarbonate, chloride and inulin along the length of the superficial proximal convoluted tubule, free-flow micropuncture measurements were made sequentially from the end-proximal tubule to Bowman's space in 10 tubules of hydropenic Munich-Wistar rats. Bicarbonate and volume reabsorption were 354 +/- 21(More)
The purpose of these studies was to quantitatively assess the role of endogenous angiotensin II activity in controlling transport in the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) and whole nephron. We used the nonpeptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist DuP 753, which lacks the agonist and kinin/prostaglandin-inducing properties of saralasin and captopril,(More)
To determine whether there are early renal function parameters (RFP) which can be monitored to rapidly detect nephrotoxicity induced by contrast media (CM), we observed RFP in 16 patients with normal renal function before and after administration of CM. Forty-eight hours after diatrizoate meglumine administration, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum(More)
Bicarbonate permeability and bicarbonate transport kinetics in the S1 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) have not been previously studied. In vivo microperfusion at a rate of 30 nl/min was performed in early and late PCT of Munich-Wistar rats. Bicarbonate permeability was first defined, using a bicarbonate-free, acetazolamide-containing(More)