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Scarring, which occurs in essentially all adult tissue, is characterized by the excessive production and remodeling of extracellular matrix by α-smooth muscle actin (SMA)-expressing myofibroblasts located within connective tissue. Excessive scarring can cause organ failure and death. Oral gingivae do not scar. Compared to dermal fibroblasts, gingival(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS), vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) transports cytoplasmic monoamines such as dopamine into synaptic vesicles for storage and subsequent exocytotic release. Recent studies have provided direct evidence for VMAT2-regulated monoamine neurotransmitter involvement in the neurophysiological activities of neurological(More)
The novel neuroprotective action of Humanin (HN), especially its derivative [Gly(14)]-humanin (HNG), against Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related insults has been reported. However, it is still short of electrophysiological evidence for the protection of HN on synaptic plasticity, and the molecular mechanisms that underlie the neuroprotective function of HN(More)
The amyloid β-protein (Aβ)-induced disturbance of intracellular calcium homeostasis has been regarded as the final route whereby Aβ insults neurons. However, the mechanism of Aβ-induced Ca(2+) overloading is still unclear so far. Especially, it remains to be clarified whether nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are involved in the Aβ-induced(More)
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) is thought to be responsible for the loss of memory in Alzheimer's disease (AD). A significant decrease in [Arg(8)]-vasopressin (AVP) in the AD brain has been found. However, it is unclear whether the decrease in AVP is involved in Abeta-induced impairment of memory and whether AVP can protect against Abeta-induced(More)
Unlike skin, oral gingival do not scar in response to tissue injury. Fibroblasts, the cell type responsible for connective tissue repair and scarring, are exposed to mechanical tension during normal and pathological conditions including wound healing and fibrogenesis. Understanding how human gingival fibroblasts respond to mechanical tension is likely to(More)
AIM To study the feasibility of long-term potentiation(LTP) recording in the CA1 area of the rat in vivo with electrodes-binding technique. METHODS Anesthetizing Wistar rats with urethane and fixing the animal on the stereotaxic device for acute surgery; implanting cannula into lateral cerebral ventricle; inserting self-made bound stimulating/recording(More)
Unlike skin, oral gingiva do not scar in response to injury. The basis of this difference is likely to be revealed by comparing the responses of dermal and gingival fibroblasts to fibrogenic stimuli. Previously, we showed that, compared to dermal fibroblasts, gingival fibroblasts are less responsive to the potent pro-fibrotic cytokine TGFβ, due to a reduced(More)
This paper describes an unified new recursive identification method in the prediction error method and model scheme for three MISO Wiener and Hammerstein systems. It is also extension of our earlier work for SISO cases. With the estimation of intermediate variables by using the key term separation principle, a MISO Wiener and Hammerstein system can be(More)